The economic situation and the currency price of Iran are already as you see, and nothing is resolved by delay or chiding.
This situation is a very good platform for some of the industries to grow in this situation and the currency price of Iran.
Turkey has sustained its economic by tourism, textiles and clothing industry.
Dear meson owners and all the friends who are fashion designers! A great platform is provided and you can make your own brand names like Zara and Mango.
Good quality, design and reasonable prices (no dependence on the price of the currency) and Iran’s production.
With the price of the currencies, the dollars, AED, lira, importing garments are not economical neither for the consumer nor for the importer and the industries.
my mother said that before the revolution, all Iranians bought Iranian cloths and they never purchase Turkish cloths, why do we see everywhere MADE IN TURKEY nowadays ?
It’s time to stop being absolute consumer and try to think about manufacturing domestic industries…
Domestic manufacturing industries are in danger of collapse due to our indolence. Who believes that the silk used to make Iranian handmade carpets is an import production?
Everyone was buying whatever he wants by cheap dollar, but now the price of dollar is high and no one knows what to do.
We have become a dependent, indolent, inactive, and completely consuming country, we just wait to see what other countries produce, then we purchase their products ostentatiously and sell them with double or triple price to our countrymen, and we are proud to be entrepreneur too.
A country that has no other extraordinary resource just oil, it is an oil dependent, and so if no country buy our oil, how we can survive?
Nowadays everyone is either thinking about leaving the country or nagging and blaming others.
After the stone and the skin, genuine leather can be considered as the oldest thing that human have had. Since a long time ago, leather has been as the cover for early humans and even, today it is so. Leather is still popular among many global communities. But why should not we use foam products ( synthetic leather )?
Years before the creation of the fashion industry, genuine leather was used to make clothes and accessories, This matter is seen in all ages and all cultures, Complications of using foam products (synthetic leather)
This product protects the human body as well as the various items. In addition, leather is a comfortable and durable material.
Today, a variety of leather is available to human. Many people spend their time producing leather goods. No product is comparable with handmade leather good.
Now we consider the question which says why we should not use foam products (synthetic leather) and then we discuss the complications of using this product.
The foam does not have any breathing properties for our skin.
It does not smell like genuine leather (due to the use of chemicals and complete synthetic materials in foam)
Foam is not durable like natural leather (leather has a very high rigidity, so that it can be used for towing a car)
It can not be used as a dress for a long time, because wearing it directly, is harmful to the skin.
Compare with a leather coat, foam is not a good insulation against cold.
After a while it will be rotted and easily damaged (leather has a very long life, so that a natural leather bag can be used for many years, as well as along with firmness, longevity and credibility and attractiveness, leather bags can make humans more esteemed.
The appearance of the foam is very unnatural and artificial.
Wearing foam products (synthetic leather) is not healthy for a long time, especially in the hot seasons, wearing foam-made shoes is harmful to the skin because of its unhealthy materials and it leads to skin problems.
Its softness cannot be like sheepskin leather.
Its shininess is not as much as leather, (such as Burnish leather).
In the hot seasons, wearing shoes made of foam (synthetic leather) is harmful to the skin of feet because of the possibility of harmful substances causing skin problems.
But the main question here is why should we really use leather (genuine leather)?
Firstly, leather is a kind of natural fiber completely.
As you sweat with your skin, animals also sweat, so it can be concluded that leather has very good ventilation, especially in the shoes, and also absorbs transpiration. You can use leather in different thicknesses and for various applications. You can have a very soft wallet of goat or a firm and rugged of cow.
Although cowhide can be thin and soft like skin of goat, meanwhile the leather is also used as a luxury and precious item that you can buy in a variety of different sets.
The leather has a very high rigidity so that it can be used for towing a car. The leather is resistant to direct fire heat and it does not inflame. Leather has a very long life, so that a leather bag can be used for many years. Also, along with firmness, longevity and credibility and attractiveness, leather bags can make humans more esteemed.
Today, a variety of leather is available to humans. Many people spend their time for making leather goods. No product can be comparable with handmade leather good.
Leather Industry in Iran – With a grassland of over 9 million hectares and over 92 head of cattle, sheep, goats and water buffalo, Iran has a an enormous potential for animal husbandry.
Leather Industry in Iran – In recent years, the number of livestock has reached a new peak, totaling 57 million sheep and lambs, 8 million cows and calves, and 28 mil¬lion goats and kids. Annual livestock slaughter is 32 percent for sheep and goat, and 29 percent for cattle and calves. As a result, over 27 million sheep and goat skins and over 2.5 cow and calf hides have been produced. In this way, has become a good producer of leather and leather products.
Iran is historically a leather producer and its products are well-known. Iran’s leather and skins enjoy a high quality and have been traditionally exported to other countries as well. The industry’s long history has earned Iranian products a significant place in international leather markets.
The production of leather products date back to 550 years ago, but Iran’s modern leather industry began at the 1930’s. The first industrial leather plant was established in 1933 in Hamadan and the second plant was founded in 1935 in Tabriz. At the time, Iran only enacted traditional tanneries for leather production.
This industry retained its independence for a long time. With technological progress and achievements, and development of modern machinery and new method for processing the leathers and hides, Iran’s leather industry considerably flourished. In 1960’s and 1970’s, tanneries and leather processing units mushroomed across the country. With the advent of Islamic Revolution in 1979, the leather industry came to a sudden halt.
During that period of time, a large part of the exports was consisted of raw and unprocessed materials such as Pickled skin. The production process from pickle, wet blue, crust to leather and finished products shows that Iran might has a say in raw materials market, but when it comes to finished products, its presence in international markets is not substantial. Traders and economic observers hope that Iran’s leather industry could establish dynamic connections to other sectors and also attract foreign investments and get revitalized. There is much effort to re energize leather industrialists to play a role in international markets.
The problem is that the production chain is not complete. Part of the chain, including shoe soles, buckles, other accessories, variety of leather goods and leather garments, are not produced domestically on a large scale. It is necessary to focus or our efforts to create added value and produce luxury products. Several studies and reports show that if Iran’s leather industry is compared with other countries’ in terms of technological capabilities, it will get a much lower grade, maybe 40 from 100.
In recent years, steps have been taken to set standards on par with those of renowned international institutions and that today Iran is an active member of the Technical Committee of the International Organization for Standardization.
If Iran could get new foreign investments and the leather processing technologies are used properly, it would get its fair share of international markets. So, it is necessary to promote technology and mobilize work force in leather industry. Researches show that the leather machinery in Iran is in a better place than other areas such as work force, information and organization in technological viewpoint.
In recent years, the domestic industry has seen the emergence of companies that produce high quality leather products and managed to establish popular brands, many of which took part in exhibitions alongside their experienced counterparts who have been active in the market for decades. Meanwhile, there is much room for growth in Iran’s leather industry.
The domestic market is in good shape, but producers have not been very successful in exporting leather products mainly because of poor marketing. Exports are minimal due to the domestic companies’ lowkey activity in introducing Iranian leather products in the global market.
Leather units, at present, are actively operating in three strategic areas of Tehran, Tabriz and Mashad. These units, consisted of 350 going concerns, operate under the umbrella group of Charmshahr (industrial leather city). These units produce 2.5 million pieces cow and calves hides (equal to 70 million sq.ft) annually. A large portion of their products is used for making shoes while around 20% for leather goods. About 40 percent of 27 mil-lion pieces of sheep and goat skins is processed into finished leather and the remaining skins which amounts to 16 million pieces of sheep is exported in the form of pickle and wet blue. But, still there are enough infrastructure like plants, water, power and gas for making leather and leather products. Hence, the leather industry has a strong potential to attract foreign joint venture under economic and commerce code.
Iranians need 100 million square feet of shoes, bags and belts annually. It is 1.2 square feet per capita. The domestic production of cow and calves leather covers only a portion of this domestic consumption. So, it is necessary to import 30 million square feet (equal to one million pieces) of cow hide from foreign companies and process it into leather.
Leather unions and leather products associations are planning to lay out a comprehensive model for enhancing production chains. These bodies are also trying to introduce a strategic model for promoting.
and Dalir Leather Industry – More than half a century of experience and pioneer in technology and leather upgrading in the leather industry of Iran
To determine suitable tanning method for tanning ostrich skin and producing properties of ostrich leather, bulk density, thickness, resistance and elasticity of ostrich leather in the main part of the 12-14-month-old ostriches (number = 15) were studied in different tanning methods (chromium, vegetal and aluminum).
Tanning ostrich skin, the mean bulk density and ostrich leather thickness of ostriches were 0/7 ± ۰/۰ g / cm2 and 1/7 ± ۰/۱ mm.
The rupture, resistance and elasticity force of chrome ostrich leather (0/33 ± ۴/۹ kgf), 2/197 ± ۹/۲۳ kg / cm2 and (3/53±۰/۷ percent ) were more than aluminum leathers (4/27 ± ۵/۵ kgf), kg 7/161 ± ۷/۲۶ kg / cm2 (4/46 ± ۸/۷%), and vegetal ostriches leather 0/13 ± ۵/۴ kgf, 7/.70 ± ۸/۲۱ Kg / cm2 and (1/40 ± ۴/۶ percent). (P <0/05).
In general, the mechanical quality of ostrich leather was better in chrome tanning than aluminum and vegetal leather.
An Introduction to Comparison of the Effects of Different Tanning Methods on Ostrich Leather and Ostrich Skin
Nowadays, ostrich leather is considered a luxury product, especially in the European, American and Japanese markets. Ostrich skin is tanned in different ways, such as vegetal, chrome, aldehyde, synthetic and aluminum.
In ostrich skin vegetal tanning, tannin and extracted vegetable materials such as bark and minerals are used, which usually make leather brown, but the resulting color changes due to combining with other chemicals and the origin color of the skin.
This method is most often used in the manufacturing of leather which are used in calligraphy and etching, or is used as mold to make stamps because they are not water resistant and their color will change.
Meanwhile, if they are washed with detergents and dried, their sizes are reduced and lose their softness and elasticity and will be hard and dry, so if you placed them in hot water, they will be very small and partially gelatinized.
This causes extreme dryness and rigidity of ostrich leather and, as a result, fragility. Since 1858, chrome sulfate and other chromium salts are used in chrome tannings, which are commonly used.
The resulted leather from this tanning method is smoother and more flexible than vegetal tanning and is less discolored and less shrinkage in water.
A half-made or incomplete ostrich leather is called Wet Blue which is due to adsorption of chrome color.
In aldehydi, tanning, glutaraldehyde or oxazolidine compounds are used, but because of the dangers of formaldehyde for workers and causing allergy to some people they are not used currently.
In skin tanning of ostrich skin in synthetic, aromatic polymers such as novolac or noradol are used to produce white color.
In aluminum tanning, aluminum-mixed salts with different combinations of protein-containing material are used. This type of ostrich leather is used in manufacturing baby shoes or cars cabin leather because of the lack of chrome materials in it.
However, leather industry requires information on the characteristics of ostrich leather in terms of elasticity and other physical and chemical properties to find its exact application in producing of products.
Because the ostrich skin processing differs from the skin of other animals, the product and its usage vary somewhat, therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of some common tanning methods (chrome, vegetal, and aluminum) on mechanical properties of ostrich leather
Fig 1. Different parts of ostrich leather
Materials and methods
To evaluate the effect of different ostriches skin tanning methods, five ostrich skins of one to one and half years old were prepared, each of skin was cut in three parts from crosspiece and totally 15 pieces, and each five pieces was processed with chrome, vegetal and aluminum tanning methods.
The tanning operations included the preparation of pickle, wet blue, wet white, vegetal tanning and making colored crust from wet blue and white crust from wet white.
These steps were the same for pickle’s preparation, including soaking, liming, deliming, enzyming, degreasing and pickling. Wet blue was used for chrome tanning and wet white for aluminum tanning.
To prepare the colored crust from wet blue and wet white of the ostrich skin, the rechorome (in wet blue), neutralization, dyeing, fatlicuring, fixing, offload, drying in the air, softening and toggling carried out.
Vegetal tanning from pickle was carried out during soaking, washing, adjusting ion load, vegetal tanning with myrobalan, mimosa, basintan, tamol, lubricating, fixing and drying, and other operations were carried out to make leather like chrome and aluminum tanning.
The leather sample was taken from the main area of the ostriches skin or crown area (Fig. 1)
The mechanical properties of ostrich leather were determined by the national standard methods of Iran.
To determine the bulk density, three samples were taken from the original leather sample in the form of a circular cylindrical roller perpendicular to leather face with an approximate diameter of 70 mm. The mean of four points’ thickness of the sample was determined with a caliper.
By using Vernier caliper, the diameter of the samples was measured with a half-millimeter approximation and with millimeter ruler in two directions perpendicular to the ostrich grain and in two directions perpendicular to the thickness was measured again.
The mass of the test sample was weighted with a precision of one thousandth of gram and the bulk density was obtained from formula (1):
۱) Da = 1.273 × ۱۰ m / td2 In this equation, m is the mass (g), t is the thickness (mm) and d2 is the diameter (mm).
To measure the rupture force, resistance to rupture and elasticity, leather samples in dimensions of 10 to 50 mm was prepared.
The samples were fitted between pins of the puller (instron Model 4001) and after the rupture of the sample, the maximum recorded force was noted as the rupture force and the distance between the pins was noted as the sample length at the point of rupture (elasticity).
To determine the rupture resistance of 10 (Tn) was used from formula (2)
In this equation, F is the registered force (Kg), W is the sample width (mm) and t is the sample thickness (mm). The increase percentage of length at the rupture point (Eb) was obtained from formula (3).
In this equation, l1 is the distance between the pins at the rupture point and l0 is the initial distance between the pins.
One-way model (4) was used for analysis of figures in SAS software:
In this formula, yij is each of observations, u is average, i is the effect of three tanning methods and ij is the effect of the random error of each observation.
Results and discussion
The morphological structure of the ostrich skin is similar to the skin of the poultry, but some of its features are similar to the skin of mammals.
For this reason, the characteristics of ostrich leather can be compared with light and heavy leather.
The thickness of the skin of the studied ostriches was 1.5 mm, with a range of 1.3 to 2.5 mm (Table 1). Similar figures for the thickness of ostrich leather were recorded.
In one study, the skin thickness of ostriches of 5 to 14 months was determined to be 66/0 ± ۰۵/۰ to 13/1 ± ۰۵٫۰ mm, indicating getting more thickness of the skin with age gaining.
The thickness of the ostrich skin varies depending on the species, variety, age, sex, and areas of the ostriches body, so that the thickness of the leather of different species of livestock such as blue neck ostrich, black neck ostrich, goat, lamb and buffalo have been reported 1, 9/1, 9/0 , 7/0 and 1/1 mm respectively.
As you can see, the thickness of ostrich leather in the current survey is as high as the figures reported for ostrich leather and is more than leather thickness of often livestock species.
Table 1: The average and the standard error of physical characteristics of ostrich leather and skin.
And: ** in each column is the significant difference in mean values at the level (P <0/05) and (P <0.01) : ns, the means difference was not significant (P <0/05)
In the present study, tanned vegetal leather had a higher but insignificant thickness of chrome and aluminum leather (Table 1).
The optimum thickness of leather clothes, handbags and boots is respectively 85/0, 25/1 and 45/1 mm, as well as lining and upper leather of women handbags are respectively, 5/0 and 8/0 mm respectively. Considering these cases, the most appropriate usage of ostrich leather is in the manufacturing of bags and boots, and is less suited to leather suits.
A wide range of forces (76/0 to 50 kg) was observed for tears in the studied leather (Table 1).
The amount of force needed to tear blue neck ostrich, black neck ostrich, goat, lamb and buffalo were registered at 32, 43, 26, 12 and 82 kg, respectively.
In the leather of domestic goats, the value of this attribute was 5/25 kg. (2)
As you see, the average of leather tear force amount of ostriches in this study is lower than mentioned figures in other studies on leather of ostrich, goat, and buffalo but higher than sheep leather,
In the present study, the average total skin resistance was 10/137 ± ۶۸/۱۹ (۵۰ to 273 kg / cm2), which is less than mentioned figures in other studies, 163 to 214 kgf / cm2, 178 to 194 Kgf/cm2 and 10/137 ± ۱/۲۳ kgf / cm2 (see Table)
The range of goat and cattle leather resistance was reported as 94/203 to 93/254 and 93/254 to 92/305 kgf / cm2, respectively. Probably the difference is due to the difference in the thickness of the experimental ostrich leather with other sources.
The minimum resistance to rupture for full grain leather, furniture leather and outerwear of ostriches leather is 200, 170 and 200 kg / cm2, respectively.
Cowhide, upper and lining leather of bag, should have at least 150, 180, 40 and 30 kg/cm2 resistance respectively.
The results obtained in this review are close to standard leather suits and more than upper and lining leather standards, and are therefore of good use in making ostriches leather clothes if they are well-processed and have a good thickness.
In this experiment, the highest mean values for tear, resistance and elastic force were obtained in tanned leather by chromium method (P <0.05), and then these values were reduced in aluminum leather and eventually vegetal tanned leather.
Particularly, there was a sharp decrease in in vegetal leather against chrome leather. Therefore, it can be said that the vegetal tanning method has an inverse effect on the physical properties of ostrich leather
A source of different tanning methods on ostrich skin was not obtained, so the influences of these effects were not obtained too, but according to the mechanical properties of furniture leather, for vegetable and chrome tanning respectively, 200 and 375 kgf/cm2, industrial leather products from 150 to 375 kgf/cm2 and chrome tanning leather for cloths and gloves 250 kgf/cm2, chrome tanned leather in this test can have better usage than aluminum and vegetal for the above goods, but due to the hardness of vegetal leathers, mostly they are used in hard and firm products such as luggage bags and book covers and aluminum leather can be used in car seat covers for tropical areas due to the lack of chromium oxide production.
The average elasticity of ostriches leather was 20/46 ± ۰۵/۴, which is as high as the mentioned figures for ostriches leather (50%) and goat leather (40%) and is less than cowhide (80%). The maximum tensibility of vegetal and chrome furniture leather products and is 50% and 75% respectively, and industrial leather goods are between 20% and 50%.
Considering the higher elasticity of chrome leather compared to vegetal and aluminum leather in this study, the use of chrome leather in furniture leather is better, although due to the unique properties derived from nodules of the ostrich skin, this type of leather is usually used for decorative and covering items (Table 1).
As it was said, vegetal leather is more suitable for making hard and industrial leather goods due to its less flexibility, and vegetal tanned ostrich skin can be used properly in manufacturing of bags, luggage, book covers and much more.
The resulting density is less than the apparent density of Shoe soles leather (1 and 1.5 g / cm 2) and to an acceptable level for other types of leather (Table 1).
In this study, there was a positive nonsignificant correlation between thickness with resistance such as leather of domestic goat’s leather, while in the evaluation of camel leather, a decrease in the amount of tear, resistance and elasticity was observed with increasing thickness of the sample (Table 2).
The most important issue which was considered in correlation between mechanical properties of ostrich leather, was positive correlation (3/0+) between firmness and elasticity (P <0.01)
Table 2: The correlation of physical features of ostrich leather
Due to the high growth of breeding of this bird in the country, it is necessary to propose suitable strategies for the use of ostrich products especially for ostrich skin.
Meanwhile, how ostriches skin is processed for leather products is very important, and if methods used properly, it will play an important role in the production of optimal ostrich leather products and, ultimately, the economics of breeder and the leather industry.
The study found that ostrich leather has a good mechanical quality, such as other livestock, and, given the difference between different tanning methods, it is necessary to conduct wider practical studies to access higher quality, especially in vegetable leather.
Genuine leather shoes apart from beauty should be durable and comfortable for foot.
The most important task of genuine leather shoes is to protect the feet and prevent damage, but unfortunately many shoes damage feet.
Inappropriate leather shoes are one of the most important causes of many feet problems and can cause diseases such as deformity of the toe, deviation or abrasion of the big toe, spile, hammer toe, and nail dipped in the toe in healthy people.
Choosing the right leather shoes
Leather shoes are the most important garment that many people spend money to buy annually.
The human foot is the second heart of the body and, of course, the shoe as the protector of the second heart of the body, should take sufficient care of foot against dangers and possible injuries.
But if the leather shoe is not fit, and after walking you feel pain in your heel, ankle or tendon or they damage, choosing the right shoe can stop all of this.
Standard leather shoes:
A standard leather shoes has three distinctive features.
* Standard shoes should have good material.
* The heel of the standard shoes is very important.
* The mold and its toe claw should be standard
The best surface for shoes is the same genuine leather.
Shoes surface; the surface of most shoes in market are of two different materials.
They either have genuine surface leather, or are made of plastic. Recently, some of manufacturers are spraying genuine leather odor to plastic and make the customer confused in realizing real leather.
Genuine leather, due to the natural pores in its tissue, provides the possibility of exchanging air between the outside and the inside of the leather shoes, and makes so-called, breathing the feet.
For that reason, the best surface for shoes is leather surface. The synthetic surface, due to lack of exchange of air, causes bad smell and excessive sweating.
Shoe sole: Often the shoe sole in the market are two types.
۱٫ Po shoe sole is more comfortable and lighter than PVC and resistance against corrosion. The appearance of this shoe sole is solid and more flexible in bending.
When you are buying shoes, you should consider that the shoe sole should not be flat but should be granulated to prevent slipping. It is very important to pay attention to the toecap of the shoes.
Leather shoes formatting:
In terms of formatting, the space for the toecap of the shoes should be such that it does not wrest the fingers.
The shoes which ha narrow toecap make the fingers to overlap in shoes. These shoes, squeeze the fingers and make them deform.
This is more common in women. The deformity of the big toe in women is 9 times higher than that of men.
Bottom of the leather shoes
Wearing bad, tight, and high heels shoes does not only damage the feet, it also damages the knee, back, bones of the spine and pelvis.
The next item is the shoe body that is actually a framework on the shoe that surrounds the foot; the shoe should be resistant easily against pressure and keep the anatomical condition of the foot.
In addition to standard factors related to the shoe construction factors, there are also other factors related to individuals who are equally important.
The soles of the feet are usually seen in 3 shapes.
High arch foot: If a narrow strip connect talon and heel, you probably have high arch foot and are therefore prone to torsion when walking.
Always look for a shoe that has an appropriate sole to cover your foot arch or use the right insole for your foot.
Normal sole foot: If the strip that joins talon and heel has a normal width, the sole of your foot can be normal, which means that your foot does not have the ability to torsion inwards or outwards.
A good and ordinary shoe is the perfect choice for you.
Flat sole feet: In this type of foot, the foot has a very little arch and heel often is under intense pressure. These people usually experience internal torsion when walking. So choose a shoe that will protect your big toe well and do not put pressure on your foot.
Risk of high heel shoes:
Sometimes ladies, wearing a high-heeled shoes, are so pleased with the false and temporary being tall that they forget these shoes can be harmful to their health.
meanwhile wearing inappropriate, tight, and high heels shoes does not only damage the foot, it also damages the knee, back, bones of the spine and pelvis.
When you wear high-heeled shoes, your back will take a lot of arches to offset the pressure exerted on the feet and it will be out of normal form.
In this case, there is a lot of pressure on the vertebral discs of the spine and knee joint.
The amount of this pressure depends on the height of the heel of the shoe, and the heel of the shoes is taller, the greater the pressure on the muscles, bones and joints
Compared to short-heel shoes, a heel shoe about 5.2 cm, 22%, a heel shoe about 5 cm, 57%, and a heel shoe about 8 cm, 76% put pressure for intervertebral discs and Knees more pressure.
High-heeled shoes shrink and contract the muscles behind the legs and disturb the blood flow in these muscles. Also, tight shoes and high heels deform the skin of leg and and after a while make it thicker and creates a callus. Callus is often painful and change the leg in a bad shape.
Guide for buying shoes
But what points we should consider when buying shoes, we are going to review them here.
۱ .The material of the genuine leather shoes which causes the human foot less sweat.
For those who love the quality of shoes, genuine leather shoes are the perfect choice.
The best material that can be produced from that shoe is the leather. Leather shoes make the human foot less sweat. It is more durable and very shiny and beautiful with waxing. As a result, the first choice is a leather shoes.
But genuine leather shoes have high price, not suitable for all jobs, and it’s just better to use leather shoes for formal programs and parties.
To overcome this problem, it is better to use several models of shoes with other materials. The worst shoes are plastic shoes.
This is not specific to sports shoes. Sports shoes are also made of plastic.
But non-leather shoes, which tend to have a leather look, are made of plastic. The biggest damage for foot is the use of plastic shoes
Linen and fabric shoes are the best option to wear. Their weight is lower and they do not bother the body and feet when walking and doing similar things
High-heeled shoes make the foot more apt to screw. Back and foot pain are heavily dependent on the heel.
The high heel makes the foot more apt to screw.
It may not happen to you at a simple party, but after a short time, high-heeled shoes will cause back pain, foot pain, and waist deviation.
Big toe deformity, and bulging of the bone. The toes slowly overlap on each other and the foot shape change slightly.
The heel of the shoes should have a heel of less than a centimeter. In this case, the foot will be symmetrical and balanced.
The lower the pressure on the front fingers to keep the balance, and it makes the back less effort to stay steady and stand up.
To test this, it’s best to walk a little on your toes. After some time, severe pain in the fingers and chest is felt, which will be reduced after pushing the heel on the ground. High heeled apply such pressure on the foot
Baby shoes: It’s better for children to use high shank.
Most common shoes in the market are not leggings. Because it will cost more on the the manufacturer, and usually buyers do not pay attention to having legging.
The shoe legging makes the shoe harder to wear and show the bottom of the trousers in a bad shape.
Most legging shoe users use this shoe for great exercise and walking, Because in the fatigue of the foot, it prevents screwing and deviation of the feet Or if they use shoe leggings for formal shoes, they will wear shoes with a skirt or dress not pants.
It’s better for children to use legging show, Because children still need to take care of their legs to walk, they get tired sooner.
So if they use legging shoe, they will get tired later and there is less chance of injury to their small legs.