(Get to know our language (Leather industry

(Get to know our language (Leather industry

Get to know our language (Leather industry)

Browse some of our most frequently used terms to describe characteristics and processes. Leather industry

Leather industry

(Aniline:(Leather industry

Dyes and finishes that contain no pigment. When used on leather they provide a rich, clear stain that allows the natural character of the article to be seen.

(Aniline Finish:(Leather industry

Leather finished with a clear top in order to show the natural grain of the leather.

(Buffed:(Leather industry

Leather that has been sueded; it can also be referred to as snuffed, nubuck or grain-sueded leather.

(Cementable:(Leather industry

Refers to leather(s) that can be glued as a means of final attachment during the construction of leather goods.

(Combination Tanned:(Leather industry

Leathers that are tanned using both chrome and blends of vegetable extracts along with emulsified or unrefined oils and waxes.

(Corrected Grain:(Leather industry

 Leather that has been sanded to make its surface more uniform.

(Crock: (Leather industry

Color that rubs off finished leather.

(Crust:(Leather industry

Leather that has been tanned but not finished. Crust leathers are often colored/dyed, but no finishing oils or treatments have been added.


Shrunken, shriveled or wrinkled grain surface of leather.


To give a flat piece of leather a pattern or texture that stands out in relief through pressing with tremendous pressure.

Fat Liquored: 

Leather that has been nourished and conditioned with emulsified oils.


 Surface applications on the leather to color, protect, or mask imperfections.

Full Grain:

Leather that has its surface left completely intact, showing all natural characteristics of the hide.

Hand Glazed:

Leather that has been polished with a glass rod.

Leather industry

Hot Stuffed: 

Leather that has been nourished and conditioned with unrefined oils and greases. This is achieved without the use of water and emulsifiers and gives a much richer feel. Hot stuffed leathers typically exhibit pull-up and good water resistance.


Leather that has had dyes introduced during retannage. Also referred to as drum-dyed.


Leather that has been dried by fixing it to large glass or ceramic plates. Pasted leathers have very little stretch and smooth grain character.


The temporary lightening of certain leathers when folded. This is caused by displacing oil and waxes.


To impregnate and condition preserved hides with tanning liquors and extracts.


A dense fiber structure found only in the hindquarters of equine animals.


Leather that has been air-dried after being stretched on a metal screen and clamped into place.

Vegetable Tanned:

A tanning method that employs vegetable liquors derived from tree barks. This method of tanning is very traditional and takes longer to achieve than chrome tanning.


Also referred to as thickness or substance. Leather is generally sold in ounces or millimeters, and in increments of 1/2 oz or 0.2 mm, respectively.  For example, 5 – 5 1/2 oz (or 2.0 – 2.2 mm) is a typical footwear weight produced.

Wet Stuffed:

Similar to fat liquored, wet stuffed leathers are nourished and conditioned with heavier emulsified oils and waxes.

COVID-19 Should Not Prevent the Leather and Fashion Sectors from Moving Forward

COVID-19 Should Not Prevent the Leather and Fashion Sectors from Moving Forward

COVID-19 Should Not Prevent the Leather and Fashion Sectors from Moving Forward

Since April, we have organised 14 hours of webinars, inviting experts on production, sustainability, business, retailing, sourcing and trends to share their expertise and experience with the leather and fashion industries. A total of more than 6,000 participants attended.

leather and corona

The Italian Tanners’ Association (UNIC) and the Leather and Hide Council of America (LHCA) were both invited to share their expert opinions on how their members were dealing with the challenges posed by COVID-19. In fact, UNIC used the webinar to announce the reopening of their tanneries in May.

Leather Naturally continued its mission to promote leather through our webinar in June by drawing consumers’ attention to the sustainability, durability and beauty of the materials we love.

The National Wildlife Federation of USA and Woolmark are among the speaker lineup who were invited for the first time to speak in our webinar series.

Many of the APLF onsite events have also been moved online. The APLF’s Product Trends for Spring/Summer 2021, and the Colour and Material Trends for Fall/Winter 2021/22 have been announced as online events for a worldwide audience.

The Fall-Winter 2021/22 trends, titled “Another earth…a new era” is a colour and material trends presentation returning to the earth, which helps us think about tomorrow in a positive way – a response to sentiment that emerged as a result of COVID-19.

We also announced the winner of our Design-a-Bag Online Competition, which should have taken place at Fashion Access. Mary Chan from Central Saint Martins was awarded the prize as the overall winner with her SecondSkin, a bag inspired by the female body. She is going to attend a 4-week bag design course at the prestigious Arsutoria School in Milan.

leather and skin

 Back to Business leather

APLF also organised InTouch events – the innovative online business matching format to keep the buying momentum going. InTouch allows exhibitors to launch their product live and virtually to buyers around the world. Through the APLF.com online marketplace, buyers can make enquiries and online appointments to continue their negotiations afterwards.

Since our first InTouch in April, 8 events have been completed, with 40 exhibitors, including the members of UNIC, International Trade Centre (ITC) and awardees of the Materials+ Sustainability Programme.

Many footwear and leather goods brands attended our InTouch. Ms Kate Wang, Sourcing Manager ASPA of Birkenstock who attended and connected with exhibitors through our one-to-one meetings, said, “(The InTouch is) absolutely helpful to my business, especially the sustainable materials session. With the help of the APLF team, I have contacted the suppliers and forward the information to our German team. I appreciated all their online events, especially I can spend an hour at the end of the day to understand the latest industry updates.”


Keeping the momentum

Before the next fairs in Hong Kong, APLF will keep the industry momentum forward by organising even more webinars and online events.

On 3rd September 2020, we will have a webinar on Ways to Tell Consumers How Sustainable Your Leather and Textile Could Be, with Dr. Dietrich Tegtmeyer from Laxness and Linda Wegelin and Mirjam Bänninger from Testex as our speakers.

APLF will also invite buyers around the world to join our personalised business matching service. Through the service, we are able to help buyers with a specific sourcing needs to find the right partners – which has always been the mission of APLF.

These initiatives are the first steps forward within a much larger, future-facing plan for the industry. The organiser is now working on some exciting projects and partnerships which will benefit our exhibitors and buyers.

Successful solutions in the production, sale and marketing of leather products


At the request of most of the dear friends of students and students, the Dalir Leather Industries is going to provide you with experiences in training, producing and selling leather products.


Webinar topics:

Successful solutions in the production, sale and marketing of leather products


In this webinar you will learn that:
  • Self-knowledge before producing leather products
  • Proper and principled training before production
  • Weaknesses and strengths in the production of leather products
  • What to produce? How to produce?
  • Marketing and Business
  • Customer orientation, commitment in production, sales and marketing
  • Appropriate use of social networks for advertising
  • Factors of sales decline and losses
  • Success and growth factors
  • Successful business in times of crisis


Contacts of this webinar:

All interested in producing and selling leather products


Frequently Asked Questions:

Question: How can I ask my questions in the field of production and sale of leather products after watching the video?

Answer: You can have questions and answers. I suggest you ask your important questions in the WhatsApp application (bottom right corner of the website) with us, so that we can answer you.


Question: I am interested in embroidering leather and its production, but I have no experience in this field. Is this video right for me?

Answer: Definitely

Poor quality foam success natural leather

Poor quality foam success natural leather

Inadequate synthetic leather (foam) is a factor in the success of natural leather

natural leather : The production and distribution of low-quality leather products has increased in recent years, especially during the recession. So, we had a detailed interview with Mr. Seyedi, a veteran distributor of leather bags and shoes. Mr. Seyedi believes that in the future, buyers will be more inclined towards natural leather products,  market and have had a negative effect on high-quality synthetic bags and shoes. The details of this interview are given below.

Inadequate synthetic leather (foam) is a factor in the success of natural leather

Since when do you operate in the leather bag and shoes market?

I was born in 1985. I’m talking about the early 70’s. I have been working in Sepahsalar Garden since I was a teenager. At first, I was a worker. I went to school in the mornings and worked in the workers’ garden until late in the afternoon. Little by little, I entered the production space. At first it was simple pre-work and activities, but then I started working in the parts department. After that, I went into banking.

How do you see the market situation of natural leather, bags and shoes these days?

The market situation is not satisfactory, and we must act smartly and cautiously. It should be sold in proportion to the background and financial ability of customers. Unfortunately, many customers in this current market are not able to repay the high volume of goods.

Of course, the current market conditions are the result of the economic recession of recent years, which has caused customers to buy raw materials and fears due to the unpredictability of the market. Unfortunately, with the increase in the price of raw materials and production and sales costs last year, we had a 10 to 13 percent increase in the price of leather products. This is while the purchasing power of customers has decreased compared to last year.

Is synthetic leather more popular in the market now or natural leather?

With the current situation, customers tend to buy cheap goods of grade 2, 3 and synthetic leather. Unfortunately, the market is full of poor-quality goods. When you touch this leather, you realize that it is skin and sheets, not leather! It is strange that sellers sell these products under the name of leather, and unfortunately, due to the lack of consumer awareness, they also sell well.

Natural leather also has different types and grades. Some of the remaining factories of the Dalir leather industry use high quality materials suitable to produce leather, so the leather is obtained with excellent quality. But some factories produce low quality leather using substandard raw materials.

Low quality products are on the market these days. This type of leather stains and dandruffs. Interestingly, despite the lower price of this leather than first-class leather, the products produced are sold at a price close to high quality products, which of course is due to the low consumer awareness in distinguishing quality products. Some of these products are not even natural leather.

natural leather

How long will the sale of synthetic leather continue and what will happen to natural leather?

Due to the increase in the price of foreign currency and the import of foam (synthetic leather), the price of foam has gone up a lot and it is no longer worth making bags and shoes with foam (synthetic leather). As long as there is no price balance in the market and there is no stability, the customer tends to buy a cheaper product. This situation is not specific to the current situation, and of course, over time, customers will find the value of leather by consuming cheap and low-quality products. Certainly, in the coming years, customers will be more inclined to buy high quality leather products.

In addition, sewing delicacy is one of the important issues that should be considered in the evaluation of leather products. It is so important to pay attention to the finesse of the sewing and the order of the stitched and sewn places, that if there is an inconsistency between the stitches and the location of the knots, the product will look bad and will lose its value.

So, the more precise and regular the leather stitching of a leather work, the more valuable that leather product is. Which is usually found in products made of natural leather, sewing elegance and order and longevity. Combining natural leather products with other arts under certain conditions can be an initiative and increase the value of the work.

In combining leather products, it should be noted that the arts and crafts that are combined with leather products are as durable as leather and are compatible with leather products in terms of material and quality. Sometimes this combination causes the life of using a leather product. Decrease or increase. This also affects the price of leather goods, all of which are intended to increase or decrease the value of leather products.

What is the color of 2021-1400 AH?

What is the color of 2021-1400 AH?

What is the color of 2021 (1400 AH)? How to choose and the color characteristics of the year?

The two colors gray (Ultimate Gray) and yellow (Illuminating) were selected as the color of 2021 by Pantone Company. The introduction of the color of the year in fashion, clothing design, home furniture, accessories, packaging and industrial design is very important. Tusi gives a message of strength and hope.

As 2020 draws to a close, the Pantone Color Institute has chosen and introduced 2021.

The process of choosing the color of the year

The annual goal and task of the Pantone Color Institute is to predict the color that best reflects next year. In other words, although Pantone is known for predicting and determining color, color selection is not based on data. Rather, according to “What are we looking for? What do we need? And what are the psychological characteristics of that color that can give us what we are looking for?” And is done through the state of the world in various fields; The corona outbreak is already affecting the world.

Color of 2021

Due to the complex conditions of the world, two colors were selected as the color of 2021, Ultimate Gray and Neutral Gray and Illuminating

Color code for 2021

Ultimate Gray with Pantone code 17-5104 and Illuminating yellow with Pantone code 136647 are the colors of 2021.


The reason for choosing the color of 2021

2020 was a turbulent year for the whole world, so it is not surprising that the Pantone Color Institute has chosen two colors as the color of the year, this choice does not indicate uncertainty but can be a metaphor: the light at the end of the tunnel!

“No color can understand the meaning of the moment,” said Laurie Pressman, vice president of the Pantone Color Institute. We all realized that we could not do it alone. We all have a deeper understanding of how we need each other and our emotional support and hope. “It’s a combination of flexibility, optimism and hope and the positivity we need.”

Explaining this choice, it also says: A color link conveys a message of strength and hope that is both enduring and inspiring. “Practical and stony but at the same time warm and optimistic, the union of power and positivity; it is a colorful story that captures deeper thoughtful feelings with brilliant and friendly promises,” the Pantone website said in a statement.

Color experts say: In 2021 we must feel that everything is becoming brighter, this is essential for the human soul. This is the first time in 22 years that two independent colors have been selected as the Pantone Institute of the Year; For the first time, a color from the gray spectrum is in this selection, and the yellow spectrum for the second time: the first time in 2009 and after the great economic crisis of 2008 affected many countries.

Given that gray is said to be associated with negative moods such as sadness, fear and despair, choosing gray may seem a bit complicated, but Pantone said it was a medium shade, not a heavy shade, because of the quality of the resistance. And its reliability is selected.

However, given the recent year and the Covid 19 epidemic and economic anxiety, color choices with negative or bitter characteristics are not unfounded.

Yellow color characteristics

Yellow is one of the warm colors and one of the main colors, in terms of spectrum, yellow is between orange and green. In most cultures, this color represents knowledge and knowledge and a sign of youthful passion, sunshine, joy and warmth. Yellow is known in various spectrums, including dark yellow, light yellow, and lemon yellow, each of which has a special and different symbol.

Gray color characteristics

Gray refers to any range of colors between black and white; silver, gray, light and dark gray, smoky, lead, and dark lead are different shades of gray. Gray symbolizes trust and confidence, neutrality, wisdom and intelligence, calmness, compromise, calmness, thrift, independence and formality, and sometimes depression.

Who is Pantone?

Pantone or Pantone is the name of a company that is a world-renowned source of color. For more than 40 years, Pantone has been inspiring design professionals to identify colors and create with its products, services and technology. One of the important tasks of this company is to create a new system for the correct matching of colors to solve the problems related to the exact color and the difference of opinion about it. Pantone is world-renowned as the unofficial determinant of the color of the year.

Where is Pantone?

Pantone is headquartered in Carlstat, New Jersey and has two other offices in the United Kingdom and Hong Kong. the color of 2021

Pantone Company History

The company began in 1950 as the printing and advertising company m & j Levine; Six years later, the owners of the company, the Levine brothers, hired Lawrence Herbert, a chemistry graduate, as a part-time employee. Sees and interprets it differently, giving rise to the Pantone adaptation system; in 1962, Herbert made the printing and printing sector profitable, while the commercial sector struggled with a $ 50,000 debt.

In 1963, Herbert bought the company’s technology assets from the Levine brothers for $ 93,000 and renamed the company Pantone. In 2007, Xwright, a supplier of color measuring tools and software, bought Pantone for $ 180 million.

In the leather industry, creativity comes first

In the leather industry, creativity comes first

In the leather industry, creativity comes first

There may be a small number of people who do not carry their wallets with them when they leave home. Of course, I think most of them forget that they do not feel the need for it. These bags, which were once marketed only for a limited time to store banknotes, have now taken on a different color with the development of the leather industry and the use of a combination of machine and human; Bags made of different leather models and designs, which are beautiful both in design and sewing, and using localized patterns, now stand out a head and neck higher than other foreign brands in the pockets of people and their buyers.

Dalir Leather Industries with more than half a century of experience is trying to become more skilled in creativity. Not only will this create a high level of motivation and commitment in the staff, but they will also be ready to receive new training and have a high degree of flexibility, which will have a significant impact on the implementation of our cellular work system.

Mr. Kasra Hassanzadeh Dalir, a young and educated director of Dalir Leather Industries, after graduating, started working in his father’s production. Having a university degree in industrial engineering, he says he is interested in the industrialization of the products of the Dalir Leather Industries workshop. But Mr. Hassanzadeh Dalir, at the same time believes that the combination of traditional work and the use of new industrial tools will enable them to offer more quality and diverse products, more power to choose customers. “R & D” unit (research and development), establishment of quality management systems, resource planning (ERP) and management information system (MIS) are among the measures taken in the workshop of Dalir Leather Industries to improve product quality and customer satisfaction.

Explaining the working method in the workshop, the Commercial and Sales Manager of “Dalir Leather Industries” said: “We realized that this industry suffers from a shortage of masters and we will be in trouble in this regard.” In fact, we turned this threat into an opportunity, and after recruiting young people, we trained them according to our needs and level of work.

After 5 months of training, each staff member becomes a skilled master. This will not only create a high level of motivation and commitment in the staff, but they will also be ready to receive new training and have a high degree of flexibility, which will have a great impact on the implementation of our work system. In fact, our work system is to minimize the distance of managers from the production line.

He emphasizes that the father, who relies on the strength and expertise of his young son and the sparkle in his eyes shows the worthiness and efficiency of his son, is encouraged by the knowledge, experience and skills he gives to the new generation with an open chest. He announced the plans of the day with new colors and formulas and the expansion of a factory with an area of ​​1300 square meters, in addition to the previous production hall and increasing the number of staff by the end of the year.

Dalir Leather Industries, with the use of new devices and designs, are now a head and neck above other foreign brands in the eyes of the people and buyers. Mr. Kasra Hassanzadeh Dalir, after completing his university studies in the field of industrial engineering, has been engaged in the production of various types of leather since 1392. He inherited the God-given talent of designing and producing all kinds of leather from his father. It is also interesting to know that from the first day he entered the leather industry until today, he has made all the works he has offered to the market based on his own taste, creativity and skill, and even proudly announces that 4% of leather products The brands that he launches in the market are the designs that he gave his idea.

He says: “Some time ago, I went to the standard organization to find out about the standards for making different types of leather in Iran, but unfortunately no standard has been registered in this regard, and they asked us to help them with the help of a professor, based on our knowledge of international standards.” Yousefzadeh, let’s define these standards.

Mr. Kasra Hassanzadeh Dalir, while implicitly criticizing the lack of proper support for activists in this field, believes that even the world’s largest brands have nothing to say about Iran’s work and the reason why we have not been able to introduce ourselves to global markets is the lack of proper support.

During its activity, Dalir Leather Industries, with more than half a century of experience, has been able to market leathers and designs in line with the national and indigenous culture of our country, using the tools of the day, with the permission of the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade. Slowly

Mr. Hassanzadeh Dalir owes most of the success in his productions to his 57-year-old father’s expertise and efforts and says: And pay more attention to the issue of specialized training of employees.

Attitudes are also different when it comes to manpower. The forces working in the production of Dalir Leather Industries with an average age of 27 years are all young and powerful forces that are of great value to us and we try to create personal satisfaction for these personnel, because personnel satisfaction leads to greater productivity and Their work will get better.

Mr. Kasra Hassanzadeh Dalir says: “We have defined fixed monthly salaries and benefits for our staff so that employees can work in production calmly and without worries.”

Taken from one of the interviews of Kasra Hassanzadeh Dalir (Eng.)

And now watch a video of the job introduction challenge held by Dr. Farshid Abdi.

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