Making a leather mask with a design

Making a leather mask with a design

Learning to make a leather mask with a design

This leather mask for the face is very essential these days. This face protector is the best protection against coronavirus. This leather mask with 6 front holes is produced in a simple design and also has the necessary space to put the air filter inside. You can also use this mask on an n95 face mask. In addition, you can use the straps you want to wear the mask. Here we use chrome brown leather so that we can disinfect it and then sew the parts of the mask with waxed thread.

This leather mask is very stylish and in line with the latest fashion. The sleek and efficient design of this breathing mask has made this product suitable for all ages and different environments. This mask is very light and soft, hence it has become a popular mask.

The new corona virus is highly contagious, so it is important to take precautions to prevent it. The use of leather masks is one of the main ways to prevent the spread of coronavirus. Thanks to the country’s advanced technology in the field of leather industry, the production of leather masks has begun in Iran.

Due to Iran’s brilliant history and reputation in the field of leather industry technologies and with the outbreak of Corona virus in the world, many countries have been looking to store masks. Thus, the demand for leather masks has increased significantly.

The anti-allergy leather mask is completely handmade and is produced in different colors. The advantage of this mask compared to other masks on the market is that it is not disposable. You can also use a tissue as a filter in this mask and after each use of the mask, change your tissue and disinfect the mask with alcohol. This way you can use this mask for a long time.

In addition, by making this mask once, you will also save on the cost of purchasing disposable masks. Because this mask is produced taking into account the needs of the society and its consumer price with the minimum manufacturing price. Also, major orders are accepted for the production of this product.

You can also use the following link to download the mask design:

Click here.

Leather industry human resources

Leather industry human resources

The role of human resources in the development of the leather industry

The most important and vital asset of any organization is its human resources. The quality and capability of human resources is the most important factor for the survival and life of the organization. Capable manpower creates a capable organization. An organization is an environment in which employees in different groups work together to carry out activities. leather industry

An overview of the situation of manpower in the country’s leather industry reveals that illiterate and illiterate workers are at the forefront, indicating a very dangerous situation of human resources in the leather industry and the need to review and change the structure. The purpose of this study is to determine the components of the development of leather industry infrastructure and to develop a suitable model for the development of Tabriz leather industry infrastructure. The research method is descriptive-survey. The research sampling method is systematic random sampling. In this study, 120 questionnaires were used for analysis.leather

The research method is library and field research. Internet research data collection tool is all databases of international articles, interviews and finally the questionnaire. The results of reviewing a series of articles, related theories and interviewing the relevant components and indicators, components and variables of the research have been compiled.leather


Undoubtedly, human resources have been the most important factor in achieving development in all ages and have always been considered as the engine of development. In the present age, when human beings have made extraordinary advances in science and technology, despite the role of technology in achieving economic and industrial development, not only the importance of human resources has not diminished, but also the issue of human resources as a creator and user of technology. , The necessity has increased.leather

Manpower is one of the most important elements of organizational development and the realization of long-term and short-term goals of any institution. Strategic management in development programs considers the process of human resource development to have two components: selection and growth. In the first part, the required human resources are identified and in the second part, these resources are familiar with their task and are properly equipped to do it properly so that they can work in environments with changing conditions. In the human resource development process, these two components must be organized simultaneously.leather

The most important element of any system is manpower that can lead the country towards development goals. The correct use of human resources as the most valuable and greatest wealth of any society as an important issue has always been considered by governments, in other words, it can be said that human beings are both the goal and the cause of development and the realization of development goals. It depends to a large extent on how this wealth and vital resource is managed.

Before starting the process of human resource development, it is necessary to know the tasks of the organization and the specialties required to perform these tasks. To achieve this important goal, human resource planning is a serious need of any organization. In manpower planning, the first step is to recognize the current situation, bottlenecks and problems. The problem of manpower in the leather industry should be considered as the most important and fundamental problem and the lack of specialized and efficient manpower in production activities in comparison with the needs of various activities is a serious bottleneck of production and human resource development as a policy strategically emphasized.leather

The role of human resources in the development of leather industry infrastructure

The problem of human resources in the leather industry should be considered as the most important and fundamental problem. Cases such as weakness of production units in various aspects of employment, organization, management and lack of laws in these cases, lack of specialized staff in leather production, inexperience of existing staff, inability to attract specialized personnel in leather products, due to limitations in Organizational chart and low level of wages paid, restrictions of the country’s employment laws on the payment of sufficient salaries and benefits to specialized staff and as a result of low recruitment of the private sector, the lack of executive organization in the relevant leather organizations.leather

Manpower planning in the leather industry at the macro level requires that by regularly collecting information, analyzing the situations and trends of supply and demand of manpower and identifying different ways, the real number of people needed for different jobs can be achieved. At the micro and local level, by analyzing the past and present conditions of human resources, he determined the ways in which the required human resources are defined and available at the appropriate time and place.

The leather quality of this research is of the type of basic as well as applied research and since the purpose of the research is to collect descriptions, analysis and model presentation, the research method is descriptive-survey. In any statistical study, the set of required elements is called society. In other words, society is a set of all possible observations that can be obtained by repeating an experiment (Amidi, 2011).leather

The statistical population of this research is all factories and leather production units of East Azerbaijan province and the respondents are the top managers of factories and leather production units of East Azerbaijan province. Gathering information from a part of the society is called sampling. (Amidi, 2011) The research sampling method is systematic random sampling.

This method has been used because the list of all production units in the leather industry was available. The Cochran’s formula was used to determine the sample size. A statistical sample size of 169 people was obtained, and questionnaires were sent to 170 factories for convenience, of which 140 factories answered the questionnaire questions and 20 questionnaires answered were unusable because they were not fully filled. In this study, 120 questionnaires were used.leather

In this research, a qualitative and quantitative method has been used. In the first step, a qualitative method has been used to find variables and effective and key factors in the development of the industry and in the second step, a quantitative method has been used to prove that the selected factors and variables They have validity and reliability and have been selected and used correctly. Also, in the second step, the extent of the impact of each of the variables on the development of the leather industry (their impact coefficients) was identified. The research method is library and field research. Internet research data collection tool is all databases of international articles, interviews and finally the questionnaire. In the library method, all dissertations, internal management articles, specialized articles in the leather industry, as well as database articles such as Emerald and Science Direct were used.leather

Research Findings

The present study seeks to develop the infrastructure of Tabriz leather industry and provide solutions for development. In this study, in order to collect information related to the development of leather industry infrastructure, a questionnaire consisting of two parts has been designed. The first part contains questions about the personal characteristics of respondents and the second part after reviewing the literature in previous articles and research. Using interviews, 179 items were considered as effective factors in the development and improvement of the leather industry, which were divided into seven groups and evaluated on a 7-point Likert scale, including: In-house human resources Organizational, extra-organizational human resources, support, laws, technology, business relationships and innovation.

Descriptive statistics of data in this chapter, we first examine the demographic variables of research (age, education, etc.). The second part includes descriptive statistics of research questionnaire questions and in the third part, analytical statistics of research are presented. In the present study, in order to check the normality of the variables and determine the appropriate type of tests for data analysis, the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, which shows the normality of all research variables. Multivariate regression was used to test the proposed model and find a suitable model for the research.leather

Mean comparison and analysis of variance tests have been used to influence demographic variables in response to questions related to research hypotheses. In order to accurately determine the gender of the sample, one of the questions of the questionnaire is related to this component. As can be seen in Table 1, 118 people (98.34%) of the statistical sample of the study are men and 2 people (1.66%) are women, and it indicates that in the Iranian leather industry, a very small number of female employees in this The industry is working, it also shows the fact that in this industry, unfortunately, female employees are not used.

The reason for this can be the type of culture or the reasons for not educating women in this industry. Compared to the leading countries in the leather industry, which are mostly used in the final parts of the production process in the leather production of female employees (dyeing, sorting and packaging), which have a great impact on improving the quality of leather. Unfortunately, in the leather industry, women are at least used.leather

Table 1: Gender frequency of the statistical sample of the research
Relative frequency frequency Gender
98.34 118 Male
1.66 2 Female

In terms of education, statistical sample people are classified into 5 categories, the table below shows their status in terms of education level. As shown in Table 2, about 20.84 percent of people (25 people) have undergraduate education, 37.5 percent (45 people) have a diploma, 16.67 percent (20 people) have a postgraduate degree, 84 15% (19 people) have a bachelor’s degree, 6.66 percent (8 people) have a master’s degree and 2.5 percent (3 people) have a doctorate. Most of the statistical sample of this study had diploma education.

Table 2: Education rate of statistical research sample
Relative frequency Frequency education
20.84 25 High school
37.5 45 Diploma
16.67 20 Associate Degree
15.84 19 Bachelor’s Degree
6.66 8 Master’s Degree
2.5 3 Doctorate’s Degree

In terms of work experience, statistical sample people are classified into 6 categories, Table 3 shows their status in terms of work experience level. As can be seen in Table 3, out of 120 people in the statistical sample, 25% (30 people) have a history of service under 1-3 years, 25% (30 people) have a history of 4-7 years, 12.5% (15 N) had a history of 10-8 years, 14.16% (17 people) had a history of 11-15 years, 15% (18 people) had a history of 20-16 years and 8.33% (10 people) had a history of more than 20 years.leather

Table 3: Work experience of statistical research sample
Work experience Relative frequency
1-3 years 30 25
4-7 years 30 25
8-10 years 15 12.5
11-15 years 17 14.16
16-20 years 18 15
20 years and up 10 8.33

In terms of age, the statistical sample is classified into 6 categories, Table (4) shows their status in terms of age and Table (5) shows their status in terms of the number of employees in each production unit. According to the information in Table 4, 12.5% (15 people) in the age group of 20-30 years, 16.67% (20 people) in the age group of 30-40 years, 22.5% (27 people) in the age group of 40-50 years 31.67% (38 people) in the age group of 50-60 years, 12.5% (15 people) in the age group of 60-70 years and the rest were unanswered.

Table 4: Age of the statistical sample of the research
Age Frequency Relative Frequency
20-30 years 15 12.5
30-40 years 20 16.67
40-50 years 27 22.5
50-60 years 38 31.67
60-70 years 15 12.5
Unanswered 5 4.17

Table 5: Number of employees in each production unit of the statistical sample of the research
Number of personnel working in production units Frequency Relative Frequency
1-5 people 38 31.67
6-10 people 45 37.5
10-15 people 25 20.84
16-20 people 10 8.34
21-25 people 2 1.66
26 people and up 0

Most companies operating in the leather industry have less than 20 employees, which indicates the small size of production units. According to previous studies conducted in leading countries in this industry, the average number of employees is over 50 (World Trade Organization, 2010). After reviewing, interviewing and reviewing the research background, the researcher’s proposed model for this research is as follows:

According to the information collected through library study and interviews with leather industry experts, indicators were identified as influential factors in the leather industry, and considering that after collecting information through the initial test, the components were at the desired level. Factor analysis was performed. After changes in the research questions, the desired results were obtained. Table 6 shows that the proposed model is valid to explain the development of the leather industry.

Table 6: Degree of model validity
Model Summary
Model R R Square Adjusted R Square Std. Error of the Estimate
1 .994a .989 .987 .07637
a. Predictors: (Constant), TECH1, support and empowerment, human, buy and sell, rule, innovation, external


Management is the most important factor in the life, growth and development of organizations. Achieving sustainable productivity, creativity and innovation, and an adequate quality of life depend on efficient, effective, intelligent, and committed human resource management. Since human resources are the most valuable factor of production and the most important capital and the main source of competitive advantage and create the basic capabilities of any organization, one of the most effective ways to achieve competitive advantage in the current situation is to make employees more efficient.

What is important in the development of human resources is that the improvement of human resources is not only achieved through technical and specialized training, but also in various ways to develop staff training, and this is important, except by implementing strategic plans in the field of human resource management. It will not be possible. Coherence in human resource development programs requires the development of employee empowerment programs that human resource management plays an important role in integrating and integrating these programs to provide an appropriate model of employee empowerment.

Personnel management is an area that is as old as the entire management area but has naturally changed and evolved. The turning point of this change and evolution is where human resource management is introduced instead of employee management. Human resource management, in addition to having the basics and concepts of employee management, considers more general and newer approaches in human resource management. Organizational success is more likely if the policies and procedures of the employees of the organization are consistent with each other and have a significant contribution in achieving the goals of the organization and strategic plans.

General culture and values, organizational conditions and managerial behavior that originate from that culture have a great impact on achieving the desired excellence. Such a culture needs to be managed, which means that a constant effort must be made to create acceptance and fulfill them. Achieving integration requires continuous effort. Integrity means that all members of the organization work together with a sense of common purpose.


In today’s competitive world, one of the most important tools for creating change and survival of the organization and achieving the desired goals and missions is the human element. In the meantime, what gives life to the category of transformation and ensures the survival of the organization are human resources. Organizational success depends on an effective mix of money, materials, machinery, and human resources to achieve short-term and long-term goals. Maximize the manufacturer.

The reality is that if we lack creative, knowledgeable, opportunistic, and problem-solving people in organizations, we will miss many opportunities. To achieve the goal of globalization or even to remain at this level, it is necessary to train and replace new forces in order to continue the path of growth and development, and the future of the industry belongs to those who have a plan and goal for it. This is how changing in human resources and organizational structure becomes inevitable, and management scientists believe that change in human resources is the root of all the success of organizations.

Obviously, if there is no change in human resource management, the industry is doomed. Therefore, planning for human resource development and designing human resource empowerment programs is one of the basic strategies to achieve sustainable development and globalization in which human resource managers have a significant role. . The structure and method of the research was designed based on the methods appropriate to the research questions and the research model was presented. In this section, the relationship between the infrastructure of the leather industry and the performance of organizations was fully understood.

The research tool obtained after the interview was approved and sent to the statistical sample. After collecting information and grouping them, analysis was performed and according to the results obtained and summarizing the results of data analysis, we provide suggestions. Proposed model for the development of leather infrastructure using extractive components from theoretical foundations and empirical background and components included in the questionnaire.

The first proposed model is the development of the optimal infrastructure of the leather industry in Iran and therefore cannot be compared (due to the lack of another model) with other models. Due to the effective role of human resources in the development of the leather industry, the presence of experienced professors with modern knowledge in the leather industry and the presence of professionally trained workers, mutual commitment of employers and staff and raising the literacy level of managers in production units and more scientific familiarity Learning from the leather industry and the basic support they provide can pave the way for the development of the leather industry infrastructure.

The traditional nature of the leather industry is one of the factors reducing the development of the leather industry in East Azerbaijan province, which means that the lack of appropriate technology, very little use of up-to-date scientific experience, lack of R&D and laboratories equipped production units, lack of attention To the standards required for raw skin from the time of slaughter to the beginning of tanning, the standards required for the chemical raw materials used in tanning and related factors have led to the lack of development of the leather industry.

Organizations have to use new and efficient management methods to nurture and develop their human resources, because they both benefit from the training process and have a great positive impact on the organization’s workforce. One of the primary goals of human resource management is to create the conditions through which employees’ potential talents are discovered and flourished and their commitment to the organization is increased. This potential talent is not only related to their ability to learn and apply new knowledge and skills, but also includes their valuable thoughts and views about the organization.

In the concept of human resource development, the goal is to create skills that can prepare oneself for higher jobs or heavier responsibilities. Therefore, human resource development training programs are for the growth of individuals without connection to current or future organizational jobs. This does not mean that the results of development training programs in the current or future jobs of the organization are useless, but programs are designed and in a word, the purpose of development training programs is to keep the organization alive and well in the process of adaptation. And change the methods and policies of the organization easily.

Dr. Nasser Feghhi Farahmand

Faculty Member (Associate Professor) Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Department of Industrial Management, Tabriz, Iran


Dr. Mohammad Dabaghi ​​Sadr

PhD in Strategic Management, Tabriz, Iran

Chairman of the Board of Sadra Leather Manufacturing


Sources and references

Rading, Allen (1383), Knowledge Management. Translated by Dr. Mohammad Hossein Latifi. Tehran: Samat Publications. First Edition.

Rajaipour, Saeed, and Hamid Rahimi (2008), A study of the relationship between knowledge management conversion process and the performance of faculty members of the University of Isfahan. Journal of Management (31): 76-59.

Rafati Shaldehi, Hassan, Reza Hasnavi, Farid Beh Azin, and Seyed Alireza Bani Taba (2008), A Study of Knowledge Management Model in a Military Research Center. Military Medicine (10): 252-237.

Zafarian, Reza, Mona Esmailzadeh, and Nisa Shafahi (2008), Presenting a Knowledge Management Model in Small and Medium Businesses. Entrepreneurship Development. 1 (2): 102-75.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2001), Executive Management Process, First Edition, Islamic Azad University of Tabriz.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2002), Management in Iran, Second Edition. Tabriz Public Management Training Center Bookstore.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2003), Reliable Management of the Organization, First Edition, Foroozeh Publications, Tabriz.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2003), Management of Strategic Structure of the Organization, Fourth Edition, Islamic Azad University of Tabriz.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2011), Dynamic Management of the Organization, Second Edition, Foroozeh Publications, Tabriz.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2009), Development of Strategic Plan of the Organization, First Edition, Foroozeh Publications, Tabriz.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2011), Strategic Management of the Organization, Second Edition, Foroozeh Publications, Tabriz.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2011), Technology Management of the Organization, Second Edition, Foroozeh Publications, Tabriz.

Mohammadi, Mohammad (2001), Empowerment of Manpower, Quarterly Journal of Management Studies, Nos. 31 and 32, Allameh Tabatabaie University Press.

Leather degradability time

Leather degradability time

Estimation of leather degradability time

degradability:The growing desire of consumers for more durable products, along with the government’s demand for more environmentally friendly products, has led the leather industry to adopt and use alternative tanning methods and processes that make leather more environmentally friendly.  The end of its life cycle breaks down faster. This issue is evolving so that  degradability time recently the Inscope has rapidly and effectively developed a special technology to evaluate the degradability of leather

Based on the international standard ISO 20136, this technology makes it possible to accelerate such evaluation methods to determine the degradability characteristics of materials in a period of 30 days that can be found in the natural environment.  It takes years for them to disappear. quantitative leather

For all leather industries, sustainability and durability are key. In fact, the impact they have on the environment is clearly the main concern of dynamic, reputable and progressive brands. Today, a major challenge for the leather industry, especially the brave leather industry, is to develop innovative and resource-efficient methods that either prevent or reduce the use of water, energy, hazardous chemicals and waste. degradability quantitative leather

This need led to the fact that the market is changing. This is due to the fact that on the one hand, the awareness of consumers and brands to use resources that are morally correct is increasing, and on the other hand, it is related to the invention and implementation of European legislation for the use of certain chemicals.degradability

In addition, the leather industry needs to use the issue of environmental impact as a way to advance the competitive market, and these changes can be seen as business opportunities. As a result, the industry is looking for a way to promote and upgrade more durable leather products based on greener tanning methods, improving and modifying degradability during the useful life of leather along with other sustainable approaches.quantitative leather

New methods

For this purpose, new test methods are needed to calculate the degradation time of leather in the environment in a short and cost-effective period. With the implementation of recent alternative methods, as it seems that a long test time, high costs and even field tests are required, the test time can take years. degradability

For this purpose, in 2017, a section related to determining the time of degradation of leather by microorganisms was launched by the World Standards Organization ISO 20136. The basis of this standard method is based on the incoscope, whose system is fully automated and based on internal technology, which allows the ready-made leather to be evaluated quickly and efficiently in terms of quality. quantitative leather

The system uses a secondary ISO 20136 methods that uses infrared radiation to show how aerobic microorganisms degrade leather and produce carbon dioxide-like quality. Software specific to this method was also designed to simulate pressure, temperature, and air circulation. degradability

Simultaneous evaluation of four pairs of samples is possible, which includes positive and negative controls required for validation under this standard. For positive control, i.e. pure collagen, to be invoked, at least 70% degradation must occur over a 30-day period. For negative control, inoculation must be completely in accordance with environmental samples. degradability

In this way, the system can determine that the carbon dioxide produced is solely the result of biodegradation for that sample to calculate the percentage of biodegradation. To confirm the laboratory results performed according to this standard, field tests were performed with the same similar leather samples. degradability time

These tests were performed by the Spanish tanning site Segobe S. L in a biological tank. At the site where the laboratory test results were obtained, three types of tanned leather were evaluated by the three methods of oxazolidine, titanium and chromium, respectively. The following is a table of information obtained from each of these experiments

Type of tannery Preliminary analysis (0%)
  Leather Carbon Nitrogen Sulfur Hydrogen
Oxazolidine (3%) + Artifacts (15%) 1 44.76 14.02 1.25 7.50
Titanium (1%) + Raw Artifacts (15%) 2 46.35 15.37 0.00 6.97
Chrome (3%) + Artifacts (15%) 3 41.72 13.68 0.51 6.85

Oxazolidine is a chemical compound with the chemical formula C3H7NO. Its molar mass is 0938.73 grams per mole. Oxazolidine is a five-membered ring consisting of three carbons, one nitrogen and one oxygen. Oxygen and NH are in positions 1 and 3, respectively. In oxazolidine derivatives, there is a carbon between oxygen and nitrogen or it is an isoxazolidine. All carbons are reduced compared to oxazole and oxazoline oxazolidine. Some of their derivatives, 2-Oxazolidone, are used as anticoagulants.  degradability time

Translator: Ms.Fatemeh Zareein
Fashionable leather shoes

Fashionable leather shoes

Fashionable leather shoes and accessories in the summer of 1400

Needs and desires dictate the cessation of excesses.  According to Linapelle, the areas of simplification are: the desire for simplification, the avoidance of extravagance and complexity.  So from a stylistic point of view, the goal would be to reduce the waste of time and space as well as designs and drawings by using digital tools and technology.  In this chapter, we will see the harmonization of forgiveness with the environment, and raw materials and processes are revealed that show the details and efficiencies. fashion leather shoes ‌‌

Three sources of inspiration

Three sources of inspiration in the summer of 2021 are the basis of the attitude towards raw

1- Basics have been strengthened

Speed and digital manufacturing have created new designs.  Mathematical calculations and algorithms take ambiguous shapes.  Technology helps simplify complexities through innovative leather shoes

2- New fantasies

The colors have pure light and imaginative colors with the observance of technology.  Brightness and radiance create a surreal atmosphere that creates an imaginative and modern style, and glossy and bright colors are among leather shoes

3- Hand-made

The simplicity of hand-made products and the originality of simplicity is a poetic manifestation of human work.  The handicraft actually mixes the new and the old and goes to the heritage with a look at free expression. fashion leather shoes

4- The largest paint manufacturers in Europe and the United States – they go this route annually, trying to anticipate designer-inspired palettes.  In these few years, different colors have been selected and clothing and decoration designers have presented their products more according to these colors. This year, they are waiting for the announcement of the color of 2021 to make designs based on this color for fashion. The color of the year is considered important for some people in the community, but some do not pay attention to choosing the color of the year and buy according to their leather shoes

2020 is a very stressful year with unfortunate events for the people of the world and the existence of an unknown disease that has affected everyone and people are looking for good news and a good event to get rid of all these worries.  Every year, they choose the color of the year based on the events around them, and the color of 2021 will definitely be a happy color with iodine, so that the mental state of the people will change and everyone will be lively and leather shoes

From the year 2000 onwards, the Pantone Color Institute selects and announces the color of the year.  The company is based in Carlstadt, New Jersey, USA and has done this informally, which over time, due to the strong branding they have done in this field, has globalized this project and even many of the greats of the fashion world.  Also forced to become a citizen of it; Because of the general public tends to use leather shoes

Leather Chair Market To Witness Massive Growth

Leather Chair Market To Witness Massive Growth

Leather Chair Market To Witness Massive Growth By 2025 | Kimball Office, AURORA, TopStar, Bristol

The Leather Chair Market has witnessed continuous growth in the last few years and is projected to grow even further during the forecast period of 2020-2026. The exploration provides a 360 view and insights, highlighting major outcomes of the industry. These insights help the business decision-makers to formulate better business plans and make informed decisions to improved profitability. In addition, the study helps venture or private players in understanding the companies in more detail to make better informed decisions. Some of the major and emerging players in the Global (United States, European Union and China) Leather Chair market are Steelcase, Herman Miller, Haworth, HNI Group, Okamura Corporation, Kimball Office, AURORA, TopStar, Bristol, True Innovations, Nowy Styl, SUNON GROUP, Knoll, UE Furniture, Quama Group & UB Office Systems

If you are part of this market, then Get to Know how you are perceived in comparison to your competitors Steelcase, Herman Miller, Haworth, HNI Group, Okamura Corporation, Kimball Office, AURORA, TopStar, Bristol, True Innovations, Nowy Styl, SUNON GROUP, Knoll, UE Furniture, Quama Group & UB Office Systems; Get an accurate view of your business in Global (United States, European Union and China) Leather Chair Marketplace with latest study published by HTF MI

Get Sample PDF with Latest Sales & Market Sizing Figures @:

The Players Profiled in the Report:

Steelcase, Herman Miller, Haworth, HNI Group, Okamura Corporation, Kimball Office, AURORA, TopStar, Bristol, True Innovations, Nowy Styl, SUNON GROUP, Knoll, UE Furniture, Quama Group & UB Office Systems

Breakdown by type, the market is categorized as:
Fixed Type, Adjustable Type & Swivel Chairs

By end users/application, market is sub-segmented as:
Office, Conference Room & Others

Regional Analysis for Leather Chair Market:
United States, China, European Union & Rest of World (Japan, Korea, India and Southeast Asia)

The Global (United States, European Union and China) Leather Chair Market study covers current status, % share, future patterns, development rate, SWOT examination, sales channels, to anticipate growth scenarios for years 2020-2026. It aims to recommend analysis of the market with regards to growth trends, prospects, and player’s contribution in the market development. The report size market by 5 major regions, known as, North America, Europe, Asia Pacific (includes Asia & Oceania separately), Middle East and Africa (MEA), and Latin America and further into 15+ country level break-up that includes China, the UK, Germany, United States, France, Japan, batch of Southeast Asian & Nordic countries.

For Consumer Centric Market, Survey or Demand Side Analysis can be provided as part of customization which consider demographic factor such as Age, Gender, Occupation, Income Level or Education while gathering data. (if applicable)

Consumer Traits (If Applicable)
Consumer Buying patterns (e.g. comfort & convenience, economical, pride)
Buying behavior (e.g. seasonal, usage rate)
Customer Lifestyle (e.g. health conscious, family orientated, community active)
Expectations (e.g. service, quality, risk, influence)

The Leather Chair market factors described in this report are:
-Key Strategic Developments in Leather Chair Market:

The research includes the key strategic activities such as Research & Development (R&D) initiatives, Merger & Acquisition (M&A) completed, agreements, new launches, collaborations, partnerships & (JV) Joint ventures, and regional growth of the key competitors operating in the market at global and regional scale to overcome current slowdown due to COVID-19.

Key Market Features in Global (United States, European Union and China) Leather Chair Market:

The report highlights Leather Chair market features, including revenue size, weighted average regional price, capacity utilization rate, production rate, gross margins, consumption, import & export, demand & supply, cost bench-marking in Leather Chair, market share and annualized growth rate (Y-o-Y) and Periodic CAGR.

How can businesses use market research to support fast decisions during COVID-19?

The Global (United States, European Union and China) Leather Chair Market report provides the rigorously studied and evaluated data of the top industry players and their scope in the market by means of various analytical tools. The analytical tools such as PESTLE analysis, porters five forces analysis, feasibility study, SWOT analysis by players, BCG matrix, heat map analysis, and ROI analysis have been practiced reviewing the growth of the key players operating in the market.

Extracts from Table of Contents :
Global (United States, European Union and China) Leather Chair Market Study Coverage :

It includes major manufacturers, emerging player’s growth story, major business segments of Global (United States, European Union and China) Leather Chaiir market, years considered, and research objectives. Additionally, segmentation on the basis of the type of product, application and technology.

Global (United States, European Union and China) Leather Chaiir Market Executive Summary

It gives a summary of overall studies, growth rate, available market, competitive landscape, market drivers, trends, and issues, and economic indicators.
Leather Chair Markeet Production by Region
Leather Chair Market Profile of Manufacturers
Players are studied on the basis of SWOT, their products, production, value, financials, and other vital factors.

Key Points Covered in Leather Chair Markett Study :

Leather Chair Overview, Definition and Classification
Market drivers and barriers
Leather Chair Market Competition by Manufacturers
Leather Chair Capacity, Production, Revenue (Value) by Region (2020-2026)
Leather Chair Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Region (2020-2026)
Leather Chair Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type {Fixed Type, Adjustable Type & Swivel Chairs}
Leather Chair Markket Analysis by Application {Office, Conference Room & Others}
Leather Chair Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis
Leather Chair Manufacturing Cost Analysis
Industrial/Supply Chain Analysis, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
Marketing Strategy by Key Manufacturers/Players, Connected Distributors/Traders
Standardization, Regulatory and collaborative initiatives
Industry road map and value chain


natural leather upholstery in car manufacturing

natural leather upholstery in car manufacturing

A look at the use of natural leather in car manufacturing and interior decoration

Car leather upholstery is a youthful idea. This sentence is stated by one of the sellers of car covers on Mellat Street, located in S. Saadi Street. He, who installs natural leather and plastic (synthetic leather) covers for the car seats of many of his young customers during the day, says this from his own experience. A group of car owners, especially young people, are willing to pay large sums for the beauty of their car seats. For them, leather car seats and in addition the dashboard, steering wheel and interior of car doors are calming. Therefore, these people are willing to pay a high price to maximize the beauty of these parts of their car.

In 1913, the Aston Martin Automobile Plant started a small workshop in which it used leather, aluminum, gold, etc. to beautify the interiors of its production cars. The interior products of this workshop, which was in London, were completely handmade. This workshop does not use any plastic material in the interior decoration of the car and even uses natural leather, aluminum and gold in the construction of buttons, air conditioning windows, cigarette butts, seats, dashboards, steering wheel and other parts of the car’s interior.

Although the manufacturers of car interior decorations in Iran are not as accurate as Aston Martin, but they are careful in using high quality natural leather, color, and proper leather tread. For some time now, major car manufacturers in Iran, including Irankhodro and Saipa, have been using natural leather for car interior decoration for their special customers. But since the breakdown of these large automotive companies’ relations with leather manufacturers, leather consumption in the automotive industry has declined sharply. But still some car companies use high quality Iranian natural leathers to beautify the interior furniture of their cars at different costs.

In an interview with Dalir leather industry engineers, we will discuss how to use leather in cars.

Leather cover in favor with the young

Fabric and leather cover are different in terms of price and performance. However, some of the fabric covers behind them are made of plastic (synthetic leather). Therefore, few manufacturers use natural leather for car upholstery, because the high cost of production increases the cost of car upholstery, but the antiquity and durability of natural leather is much higher than its synthetic type and also against the sun. It also has a longer shelf life.

According to the young buyers of leather upholstery, it can be acknowledged that the Dalir leather industry has produced all models of natural leather upholstery in all available colors and designs and provided them to consumers. Iranian car covers are often made of plastic (synthetic leather). This is because the price of natural leather is somewhat expensive and fewer manufacturers are willing to use them in their products.

A group of car owners, especially young people, are willing to pay a high price for the beauty of their car furniture. For them, leather car furniture such as seats, dashboards, steering wheel and interior body of doors create peace of mind. These people are willing to have natural and quality leather to pay a lot of money for the interior decoration of their car.

Decreased demand for leather upholstery

Mr. Shahab Mihandoust, a member of the Iranian Leather Industries Association, says about the use of leather in the automotive industry: “Until two years ago, Iran Khodro and Saipa used to use leather extensively in their custom cars, but recently these types of orders In factories, leather production has declined, and it is not clear whether this is due to declining consumer demand or an increase in the price of leather used in cars, usually car interior manufacturers use cow and calf leather. The country has a small number of them able to pay and place orders for car leather, because the consumption of this type of leather is different from the leather used in the production of shoes, including the companies producing car leather in the country is a Dalir leather industry.

He also said about the difference between the leather of home and car furniture: “In furniture, the amount of wear, thickness and other components of quality and desirability should be considered in production, so in home furniture, the variety of colors and leather treads is different than car. The use of leather coloring in airplanes and cars is more limited and most colors of gray, crimson and black are common in them, but in home furniture there is a variety of natural leather colors due to the difference in the production of leather furniture for home and car, In the process of preparing car leather and home furniture, various chemicals and tests are usually added to the durability and effects of the leather so that the leather reaches the desired by the manufacturers, despite the use of leather by foreigners. In wall covering or interior decoration of the house, less of this type of leather is produced for the consumption of interior decoration of houses in Iran, and if there are cases in Iranian construction, it is mostly supplied through the import of foreign leather.

Rising car prices because of the leather used in it

Mr. Ebadollah Yousefzadeh, a professor and expert in leather and author of books on leather, said about the use of leather in cars: “Before, some leather companies cooperated with Saipa satellite companies. In fact, the reason for this cooperation was that some of these cars were prepared for export to foreign countries, but now these cars are no longer produced, however, the use of leather in cars has increased the price of car interior decoration, and finally similar domestic cars with export cars in terms of price difference. There are some because of the use of leather in interior decoration, in fact, interior cars use less natural leather and use more foam (synthetic leather). On the other hand, some consumers are so obsessed with leather that the steering wheel is also ordered with custom leather.

Today, car interior and seat upholstery are made of cow leather, but in the past, some customers also made this furniture with goat leather, with the difference that they were responsible for cutting the leather themselves and only took custom leather from the factory and the rest. They did the final finishing work on the leather. In such a situation, leather waste would be less for consumers of car covers. Of course, in the production of cow or goat leather in car furniture, mainly leathers that have fewer strokes on the back of the skin are used.

The color of this type of leather also varies according to the order and interest of the customers. Sometimes people even deliver a sample of a special color or tread of leather to the factory and receive the leather case according to the order. The production of this type of leather requires special chemicals. In addition, in accordance with the consumption of leather in home and car furniture, scientific tests should be performed in the leather factory to ensure that the leather in the car is foggy, because during the cold season, the use of leather may cause fog in the car, but this issue is not so important in its home furniture.

Also, for the use of natural leather in the summer in car and home furniture, sweat test is taken so that it does not produce sweat against the wear and body heat of consumers. In addition, the test of leather adhesion to clothing and its negative impact on consumers is tested. The transfer of leather to pvc clothing should also be evaluated. This type of natural leather has a much higher price due to the final payment and testing.

He clarified about the decrease in demand for car leather and wall coverings in Iran: for unknown reasons, the relationship between leather manufacturers and car interior decorations has been cut off due to non-fulfillment of customers’ obligations in due time. Of course, in the field of leather production for interior furniture, the production process continues, but in recent years, leather orders for cars, airplanes and wall coverings have decreased. Although wall coverings are not so popular in Iran, in a few unfortunate cases, hotels or stylish buildings source their raw materials from abroad.

Leather production for cars and home furniture requires new machinery, experienced technicians and special chemicals to increase the durability and quality of the leather produced. Also, the use of leather in car interior decorations usually has an effect between IRR 15 million to 20 million on the price of custom cars. However, using natural leather in the car will double its beauty.

سوالی دارید؟ Do you have any question?!

شروع مکالمه.Start the conversation
سلام! برای چت در WhatsApp پرسنل پشتیبانی را انتخاب کنید Hello! Select support staff to chat on WhatsApp