Reconstruction of the Goat skin industry is an inevitable necessity
In previous posts, the outlook for the leather industry in 1999 was briefly given the destructive sanctions and the specific situation in the country in the pandemic of Corona Virus, noting that six pivotal measures will be necessary for the survival and continuation of this sector of the industry.
Although the recent political developments will have an impact on the country’s economic process, and in the current context of the Corona virus pandemic, the management of trade and economic affairs has become more complex than before; the country’s overall trend is to overcome the sanctions crisis. Of course, this stage also has its own costs.
Allocating foreign exchange to import raw materials, controlling currency fluctuations, and helping to rebuild the Goat skin industry were three of the six measures outlined in the previous table. However, although incomplete, these steps are being implemented in the country and tangible signs of their implementation are visible.
Currently, the import of chemicals, although with the problems ahead and the relative stability of the foreign exchange market, has somewhat calmed the atmosphere, but after years of follow-up, there is still a small budget for the modernization of this industry.
Now, there is little discussion about this budget, which has been allocated with the commendable efforts of the Director-General of the Textile and Clothing Office of the IRI Ministry of Industry, Ms. Mehrabi (Eng.), and relevant experts.
The fact of the matter is that the Goat skin industry has been completely forgotten after the closure of large factories such as Moghan leather Co., Shiraz leather Co., Roudbar leather Co., Khorasan leather Co., Lorestan leather Co. and Khazar Khaz Co. Therefore, raw material producers have been forced to export these materials, especially Salambor.
With the exception of a few national moves to establish a production unit that turned this valuable leather into crust and leather and even the final product in the 1970s, no one went for it with high added value but no hassle, because the export of raw materials is easier and it has a faster financial return.
The capacity of the large factories was more than 6 million volumes of Goat skin per year, which was able to process about 40% of the Goat skin extracted and turn it into finished leather. The factories, which were built in the 1950s at a high cost and with the benefit of foreign investors and modern machinery, some of them were even active until the mid-1970s. These factories all pursued one main goal, which was to strengthen domestic production capacity as well as the consumption of high-quality domestic sheepskin. This practice should have spread after the Islamic Revolution, but unfortunately, for various reasons, including inefficient government management, all of them were shut down.
Different numbers and figures of their added value are calculated and expressed, but what is clear is that in addition to the very high and significant added value, there has been a lot of job creation in this industry. Although the machinery of the above factories entered the cycle of smaller factories and workshops, this did not bear fruit for the production of Goat skin.
The purpose of the above is to show the importance of the Goat skin industry in the country’s economy and employment. Now that the Ministry of Industry, which is in charge of the country’s industry, has come to believe that it has found the will to revive the Goat skin industry. Therefore, this ministry must continue this useful and valuable move by allocating a suitable and large budget for the reconstruction and modernization of existing units, and even the construction of Goat skin production projects in the coming years.
It is important to note that due to the sharp devaluation of the national currency, figures such as IRR 200 billion this year and based on the line 50000-39 of miscellaneous budget for the year of 97 to help modernize and complete the value chain to prevent the sale of raw materials, the subject of Article 37 The law on removing barriers to competitive production and financial promotion of the country and in the form of subsidized facilities for the purchase of machinery and equipment is very small, should be given priority.
The assistance and cooperation of the IRI Ministry of Industry will be very effective in facilitating the allocation of this small amount in the shortest possible time. Therefore, we hope that this will continue next year with a figure worthy of the leather industry. Otherwise, it will not produce any useful output. In addition, artisans who long for industrial and national activity and seek to create financial benefits for themselves should also welcome this move and the concerns of expanding and developing their factories to create more added value. Follow up with the relevant ministry.
Written by Mr. Hassan Nasirian – Editor-in-Chief of Sanat Charm Magazine
Iranian Leather Industries Association
Recognition report of Goat skin and leather
The world’s light sheep and goat leather production increased from 4685 million square feet in 2001 by 11.3 percent to 5,211 million square feet in 2010, an average annual growth of about 1.2 percent. During this period, Goat skin production fluctuated sharply and has been declining since the growth of 2006.
According to shoe manufacturers, the use of natural leather has always been very different from synthetic materials. Leather is made from animal skins and is a by-product of the meat industry, while leather is also a renewable resource in nature.
If the skins do not turn into leather, they should be buried and their use is very limited. On the other hand, artificial materials are based on oil and are the product of the chemical and man-made industries. These industries use fossil fuels, which are certainly not renewable sources. Also, contrary to the claims of synthetic leather manufacturers that these products are similar to natural leather, it must be admitted that these products are completely different from leather.
Environmentalists, on the other hand, are faced with the dilemma of whether to buy shoes made of leather, which is a natural material but requires the slaughter of animals and coping with it. It is not easy, or they have to use shoes made of synthetic plastic materials whose resources are raw materials and valuable non-renewable energy sources.
To solve this problem, we need to think of a new source that, while similar to leather, is not a farm but a laboratory.
In its simplest form, animal skins are made up of a chain of collagen, water, creatine, and a variety of proteins. The resistance of the skin is due to the structure of the collagen fibers that are slipped together by the free molecules of water to provide the necessary flexibility for the animal to move freely. In addition, water bonds form part of the protein structure. If these bonds are removed by drying the skin too much, the skin will start to harden due to the cross-linking of the collagen chain.
Tanning involves replacing these watery bonds with tanning agents to create the necessary flexibility and maintain physical quality while protecting the skin. During tanning, unwanted material is removed and replaced with materials that prevent bonding between the collagen chains and keep the leather structure soft and supple.
Launched in 2011, Modern Meadow has introduced a material called “bio-leather-made leather” in October called Zoa, which is a revolutionary alternative to natural leather.
They claim that the prototype material with a capital of more than $ 50 million has been successfully built, and that the possibility of creating a new and larger laboratory has been increased by 60 employees for production.
Central core DNA manipulation is a process that Modern Meadow has performed to produce Zoa.
DNA is a molecule that controls the functioning of an organism with its own structure (just as software codes determine how a computer program works).
Modern Meadow takes a pair of DNA and replaces it with a new pair of DNA. The sequence of data determines the information available to build an organism (similar to the way alphabetic letters are arranged in a certain order to form a word and a sentence).
This DNA can be modified to produce the desired amount of collagen. But where does the original DNA come from?
Until two years ago, Modern Meadow used engineered tissue to produce collagen on a laboratory scale, but today it uses a dedicated biological production process that is able to produce new non-animal collagen compounds that are claimed to be able to compete with collagen found in it. Be the market.
The technology uses the latest version of DNA editing tools to specialize in collagen engineering to create yeast cells. These cells are optimized to produce the desired collagen and in the required amount.
New DNA is inserted into cells and multiplied. The basal cells are the building blocks of living organisms, and the cells are nourished with nutrients, and these nutrients are converted into energy, and the cells multiply rapidly, from tens of cells to billions of cells.
These cells produce collagen and other proteins necessary for leather production. Collagen groups together form a triple spiral collagen molecule.
The triple helical structure of the collagen then forms a network of nanofibers that join together to form the fibers, and eventually the fibers together to form the structure of the original material.
Other processes are performed on these protein structures to create the final product, which is simply tanned and completed. Because the material is not animal-derived, there is no need for lubrication to remove hair, a campaign to remove unwanted tissue, lubrication, degreasing, and the preparation of ashtrays, as these materials are uniform and perfectly flat.
This article simply examines a complex process. Given the obvious practical advances in this area, there seem to be a lot of detail that the company prefers not to disclose. These materials are produced in the form of perfectly uniform plates with regular sizes that are competitive with natural leather because the leather is different from one skin to another.
Another advantage of these materials is that they do not have the effect of knives, barbed wire and growth marks, so they can be easily cut and have less debris like other synthetic plastic materials. According to Dave Williamson, head of operations at the company, the process is designed to make production easier with existing industrial facilities.
Of course, this requires proper investment. According to him, large-scale collagen production and transfer to local factories and leather factories are possible for the final and complete process. A special feature of these materials is that the different parts of a page can have different properties, for example, the appearance and the hand can be changed from one part to another in a controlled way.
Theoretically, it is possible to produce materials for specific designs with this method. Dave Wiliamson states that in terms of cost, the new materials are competitive with natural leather. He adds that Modern Meadow isn’t really looking for a complete replacement for natural leather, but is looking to produce new materials that have a place in the market.
Shoes made from such materials can be of interest to vegans, vegetarians and those who oppose killing animals. It can also be considered by shoe manufacturers with a sarcastic wish that “I wish we could have square-shaped cows.”
The purpose of the Dalir leather industry is to satisfy all sections of society, including vegans, and to try to update its materials and products as much as possible.
Author: Maryam Semsarha
Deputy of the Institute of Chemistry and Petrochemical Research, Standard Research Institute
The changing world of leather
In the past, it was often said that there was no waste or disposal for leather. This could be true in the past, but will it be the same in the future? Now is the time to face such problems. Until 2015, the leather industry believed that the need for leather would always help supply raw materials, so a price increase would be guaranteed. But why has this changed these days?
The expansion of tannery capacity and high oil prices led the meat industry to consider increasing value added and profit margins. Any warning in this regard was considered pessimistic. In those days, the growth in global consumption of leather goods ensured the endless growth of price increases. Any correction in this process could be a short-term error, not a failure in the process.
But how was the picture proven? The idea that leather can be replaced with other materials has never been taken seriously. Leather has always been considered a special luxury material. However, this was not the case, and it was only true when it was used to make a luxury item.
Apart from that, leather is a material with special properties that has been used by humans for centuries. Until recently, most people thought that a real shoe should be made of leather. This could be true when the alternatives were only plastic, canvas, felt or rubber. Historically, the price of leather and its need in the past has been significantly lower than it is now. Some believe that in the current situation, leather will adapt to the new conditions at the right time.
Of course, this is possible, but the difference now is that in the past, the business cycle was based on price factors, and leather was not considered a consumer item. Cycles were driven by economic reasons rather than changes in consumer interests. If prices were too high, demand would fall. If the product was very attractive, the price would go up. This simple supply and demand was a normal market stimulus.
The dilemma of well-known brands and brands
The culmination of this challenge was in 2015, when leather prices were high all the time. At the time, brands were at a crossroads. They needed a steady growth to ensure earnings and pay dividends to shareholders. On the other hand, they needed to create a margin for capital growth or an increase in this margin. If they had accepted the increase in leather prices at that time, the increase in retail prices would have met with a strong consumer reaction. At the same time, the chemical industry was making great strides in the production of synthetic plastic materials, which were much more similar to leather than those used in the past.
The leather industry, believing in natural leather as the best material, could not take this issue seriously enough, which is somewhat understandable. In addition, there was a change in the way people dressed, which allowed non-leather shoes to be sold more.
The life cycle of leather products became shorter and the increase in people’s purchasing power increased sales. Recent predictions based on the global economy confirmed the continuation of this growth. That’s why the increase in the use of synthetic plastics since 2017 has reduced the demand for leather and the non-sale of leather materials.
Another effective factor in the demand for leather is the automatic production industry. Shorter life cycles and the expectation of the consumer to achieve anything new within 48 hours and the possibility of returning them in case of change of opinion, without paying any money, caused the leather industry to lag behind this competition.
The leather industry does not want to accept the fact that the world is changing, and this will not only affect companies but also the entire industry. As far as shoes are concerned, the model of clothing has changed over the years, and the idea that good shoes are shoes made of leather has disappeared. It has been proven that shoes made of new synthetic plastic materials are good enough to keep consumers satisfied. The fact that these products are harmful to the skin and their life cycle is only a few months is not important for the consumer, because their price is reasonable and they can be easily discarded and bought new shoes.
Despite the efforts of organizations such as PETA to persuade the world to stop eating meat, with the increase in living standards, more people tend to use meat. If the skins of slaughtered animals are not turned into shoes or other leather products for meat, are they simply discarded?
Once the shoes look good and the price is right, it doesn’t matter what kind of shoes they’re made of.
Production of roll materials
Shoe manufacturers have always been in favor of materials made on rolls, because in this case the materials are completely uniform and free of defects. The problem with leather is that it has a non-uniform shape and not all parts are of the same quality and can also have defects and cuts.
Therefore, in choosing between the same prices, most consumers, except vegans, will still choose natural leather shoes. However, despite some people’s claims to confuse consumers, there is no substitute for leather.
Two major shoe brands, Nike and Eco, decided to use human-made materials with leather. The two products were Flyleather (Nike) and Dyneema (Echo). Nike says the materials are mostly made from tanning process crumbs, possibly chipped and discarded by Wet Blue, which have been bonded together with the help of some resins. Of course, this is not a new idea and has been used for years to produce shoe insoles. Advertisements claim that these new materials are better than previous alternatives. If the properties of these materials are as they say and the price is competitive, time will tell whether these materials or similar materials are what many manufacturers want.
Because the material is called leather in advertising, it makes it difficult for leathermakers to figure out what they’re going to do about it. Modern young consumers unfortunately like to trust what Nike says, not what the leather industry says. Of course, if the leather industry says anything.
On the other hand, if Nike and Eco use WhatsApp chips, they should buy these chips from tanners. So tankers that provide the resources they need are also involved in spreading these new materials and damaging their industry.
Today, leather is an interesting natural material and the product of new tanning techniques, and it has better quality and stability than before, but the main problem is that although tanning technology has changed, their way of thinking is to provide the raw material cycle. Acting, not changed. Given that the old supply and demand cycles are no longer being applied, new ideas and perspectives are needed for leather to be able to compete.
Nike’s unassuming claim about Flyleather
In September 2017, Nike unveiled a product it called a super new material. These materials were made of fine fibers and leathers chips. This sounded the alarm for many in the leathers industry. The problem was snot in the materials introduced, but in Nike’s claim that they looked and looked like leather.
Leathers chips are collected from the palms of the hands and combined with synthetic fibers and textiles. These materials then undergo a completion process before becoming rolls. Nike says it uses at least 50% recycled fiber.
Tony Bignell, vice president of shoe innovation, claims that the material is quite similar to full-face pigmented leather, which has been used in championship shoes before. Despite this claim, what Nike has created is grafted leather, which is much weaker in quality and durability than natural leather.
Nike also has a number of unsubstantiated claims about the environmental impact of these synthetic materials. They insist that the carbon effect of these materials is 80% less than the leather production process. Immediately after the claim, World Footwear magazine asked about the number and asked Nike to explain how to get it.
In response, Nike said the figure was calculated by Oakdene Hollins and PreConsultants, a consulting firm, and had not yet commented on how the 80% was calculated.
In 2013, the European Commission presented a project to analyze the environmental impact of a wide range of industries, including the leather industry. The group concluded that, on average, 88% of the environmental effects (carbon effects) of lactating cows enter the milk, and only 12% enter the meat. Therefore, an animal that enters the slaughterhouse from the food cycle has only 12% of its carbon effect. Given that the slaughterhouse inevitably uses economic methods, only 35% of it will be leathers. Thus, the share of carbon-based leather in the Cattle Model Group’s project is approximately 0.4% (four tenths of a percent). This is a complex issue, but Nike consultants are certainly aware of it. OakdeneHolins has not participated in any leathers projects, but PreConsultants has participated in the European Commission project.
One can only assume that if PreConsultants has provided such a method to Nike for these new materials, Nike has decided to do the calculations on other grounds that the carbon effect of these materials will be 80% less than leathers. Nike claims that they are five times more durable than traditional leathers, given the performance of these new materials.
In response to a question about the shoe world, the company said that the claim was based on tests performed by the SGS agency, which tested the bonded material against leathers with a full face.
After 5,000 rounds of abrasion, both materials were examined for weight loss and appearance abrasion. Although Nike was able to prove that the abrasion resistance of these materials is better than natural leathers, this test is not accurate enough to prove its durability. Because in fact, these two characteristics have different functions, and increasing the abrasion resistance does not necessarily mean an increase in durability, and it is very unstable.
Dalir Leather Industry, with more than half a century of experience in pioneering and upgrading leathers in Iran’s leathers industry, has tried to use the latest and best materials and designs in leathers production to increase the strength and quality of leather.
Author: Ms. Maryam Semsarha
Deputy Director of the Institute of Chemistry and Petrochemical Research, Standard Research Institute
Leather production: Turning food industry by-products into sustainable choices
In recent years, the leather industry has been reviving its previous reputation. Leather has made a good comeback not only in fashion but also in many other areas, such as non-clothing luxury goods, which has also benefited nature. Leather is still one of the most popular options in car interiors. However, the use of this substance is under intense pressure and scrutiny.
Critics and people who have campaigned to protect animal rights have targeted the popularity of leather and created negative aspects for it. Although their arguments have not always been justified and acceptable, one can look at this critical view from another perspective and consider the issue of transparency in it.
The leather industry, especially in the automotive leather industry, has worked hard to do its job well, to provide transparency, and to provide quality products that are even higher than current standards. However, due to the increasing global demand for access to knowledge and information and the need to be aware of the origin of materials and products, there is a need for greater transparency in the leather industry, especially in relation to the origin of leather and its place of production.
About billions of livestock are raised around the world to produce food. It is an interesting fact that the consumption of meat is growing and the tendency to do so has more than doubled in the last half century. This statistic is in the context of new and different trends in the field of health and nutrition, but the trend of interest in meat has been growing.
Apart from this leather, it has an obvious and inseparable connection with the meat industry and is one of its most important by-products. In general, 95% of slaughtered animal parts are used effectively. The skin is one of the most important parts of this, which eventually turns into leather. One hundred percent of the components and parts of animals that are slaughtered in order to use their skin for the leather industry are used and nothing is thrown away from their body parts.
Basically, these animals are slaughtered to eat their meat. This means that the leather industry’s dependence on the meat industry has created a one-way street. Interestingly, most of these critics use meat, but avoid other by-products of the industry. As a result, large parts of slaughtered animals may not be used properly or may not be converted into by-products at all.
One downside is that slaughterhouses are mostly more economical and try to keep costs down. For this reason, refrain from spending more on producing by-products and leave animal skins in landfills and dumps. This procedure is basically a waste of a practical product, and we all know that almost all parts of slaughtered animals can be used.
Is synthetic leather (Faux leather) a fleeting fashion?
Today, when consumers choose and buy products that they need to eat and use for other purposes, they address their concerns about environmental issues and make choices based on them. Their choices seem to be largely emotional, not knowledge-based. But are alternatives to real leather just a fleeting feeling?
Tesla, one of the major players in the car market, has taken a stand on the materials used in its products. Elon Musk, the company’s director, wants to produce a car that is all about plants. But have we ever wondered what that means? Unfortunately, we often don’t think about these issues. There are many products that use natural materials and may use cork, pineapple leaves, apple peel and other such materials. But do any of these substances affect the environment?
Much of the marketing of these products is based on the fact that these are materials to replace natural leather. These materials are made of PVC as well as polyurethane. These are not new materials and have been used for decades. Rarely can they be called environmentally friendly and sustainable materials. That’s why natural materials like leather are still attractive. The point to keep in mind is that sustainable materials are made with the latest green technology. Some customers prefer to buy products that use PVC or polyurethane in order to reduce purchase costs.
Although leather products are more expensive, they are a more sustainable choice that are readily available. Due to the increased demand for meat, there is a lot of skin and it can be easily turned into leather. The leather industry has been trying to open a new page in recent decades and take responsibility for environmental issues.
Consumers who feel responsible for the environment and strive to maintain it have not only revised their diet and turned to vegetarianism, but have also revised their clothing and avoided wearing products made of leather. Animals are produced, they refuse. Some have turned to synthetic products or natural alternatives.
These products are generally known as synthetic or faux leather. Even Tesla is set to introduce a “completely vegan” car. These leather substitutes are cheaper. But the question is, are these products better and more beneficial for the planet?
What is synthetic leather?
Sometimes contradictory words are used together that actually refer to a variety of products. Instead of raw cowhide and sheepskin, PVC and polyurethane are used in the production of synthetic leather. But there are other alternatives to these materials, such as cork, tree bark, pineapple leaves or apple peel.
Manufacturers of these alternatives say that their products are equal to natural leather and are similar. But these products, or synthetic leather, unlike natural leather, do not get better over time and are harmful.
Why do people buy synthetic leather?
Leather-like products that do not cause harm to animals, especially among young people in countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom, have become very popular. Environmental concerns have led to many customers buying real meat substitutes.
Do consumers buy synthetic leather?
It seems that in countries like the United States, the tendency to buy these products has increased. This trend is partly due to a campaign launched in the fashion industry and supported by companies. In the first half of 2018, as well as in the first half of 2019, the supply of vegan leather products in the United States increased by 54% and more than doubled in the UK.
The demand for synthetic leather in the shoe industry is much higher than in other sectors. Americans tend to have their shoes made from products that do not have any traces of animal skin on them. But this trend is declining among Americans.
This trend intensified after Tesla asked its shareholders and partner companies to follow in their footsteps and use leather goods. According to Grand View Research, the shoe and car industries are likely to be the two main drivers for expanding the use of synthetic leather and increasing global demand.
The trend is expected to be 7% per year, and in 2025, the volume of synthetic leather transactions will reach $ 45 billion. At the same time, natural leather is expected to increase by $ 1,955.4 billion by then.
Is synthetic leather cheaper?
Plastic-based alternatives to natural leather are often cheaper. They are even easier to maintain. That’s why carmakers have shown interest. Vegan leather is made from organic materials such as pineapple leaves and is much more expensive to produce than synthetic alternatives. But in any case, they are cheaper than natural leather. At the same time, there are doubts about the durability of vegan leather. This type of leather is thinner than natural leather. Natural leather can last for many years. But there isn’t no such thing as a free lunch.
Is artificial leather better for the planet?
It’s hard to say that plastic loves the environment. PVC, which is widely used, releases dioxin. This is a dangerous substance indoors, especially if there is a fire. But vegan leathers such as Pinatax (made from pineapple leaves) and Epilepsy (made from apple skin) can be turned into fertilizer.
Another point is that synthetic leather is often made of oil, but synthetic leather is a by-product of the meat industry that is thrown in the trash if the skin is left unused.
Is artificial leather something new?
No, but other leathers that have been donated are the product of new initiatives. This type of leather is popular with those who have reduced their meat consumption. On the other hand, companies that try to produce products for the general public say that their goal is to produce materials that are accessible to all that are sustainable, which unfortunately is not the case.
What will happen to natural leather?
Demand for red meat in the United States has risen sharply. For this reason, the supply and storage of raw skin shows a significant increase. This means that a large part of it is wasted and even goes to the graveyard of waste and garbage collectors, leather activists have called this situation (unimaginable). On the other hand, the risk of waste and material waste in the leather industry is high because raw skins do not meet the standards required to become leather due to their shortcomings.
Leonardo, new software for managing the tanning process
Leonardo is a new software developed by Italprogetti to manage the tanning process. This software is flexible and can enable the simultaneous management of tanning devices.
With more than 20 years of experience in the development of tanning management software, Italprogetti has taken a step forward and has completely rewritten and reconstructed its platform. The company’s first software was introduced in 1998 and did its job well, but there were some limitations that were not user-friendly. The second version of the company’s software was more successful, but the rapid advancement of technology made it a priority to change it.
In 2017, three developers began work on a new Italprogetti project. The primary goal of this project was to design a modular or modular automation system that could meet the multiple needs of a tanner. However, it should be noted that each device is connected to a PLC. A programmable logic controller or PLC is an industrial computer system used in a variety of industrial processes. During leather production, the production management process of this product is completely entrusted to PLC, not to a home computer or servers that are not very efficient in the process of industrial activities. Computers or servers are only used to manage databases, data records, and the like.
When using Italprogetti software, while each device works independently, it is also connected to other devices. The advantage of this is that it does not affect other devices if there is a problem with one device. The connection of the devices allows the automation level of each device to reach the highest possible level and the operators have complete control over the work process. Italprogetti software modules can be divided into two main categories.
One set of modules that control the physical equipment of the system and the second group of software modules that allow monitoring the performance of each component.
The parts of the control equipment are as follows:
Boiler controller: This device is used to manage manual activities as well as to manage the process of performing tanning arrangements.
Water Mixer: It is a system for adding and controlling water
Chemix: It is a system for controlling the amount of chemicals
Chemgo: It is a system for adding and measuring chemicals based on volumetric criteria
Parts related to management and monitoring of the tanning process:
Cronus: It is a server that manages the data history by having a monitoring software.
Chemix M: This software is used to manage the preparation of liquid and powder chemicals, as well as a software and barcode reader.
Data pad: A module for recording data and information that is needed in the tanning process.
Data Pro: Manages data and visualizes it in different sections.
Data Go: Allows you to connect a mobile phone or tablet to the system controller and can be customized in different parts.
SMS Module: This module can send short messages, emails or alert messages related to various parts of the tanning process.
Chemical Storage Management: This part of the software helps manage draining or filling dramas. The main purpose of this module is to better illustrate the status of the drums (filling, discharging and waiting time to refill). This module prevents errors during these activities
Link or Connection: This software connects directly to the main software of the factory and helps to manage the tannery.
Italprogetti software is increasingly used by tanners and is even used in other industries such as the olive oil industry.
Source: World leather and leather Industry magazine