Simac Tanning Tech rescheduled

Simac Tanning Tech rescheduled

Simac Tanning Tech rescheduled for second half of 2021

The announcement follows the General Assembly of the Association of Footwear, Leather goods and Tannery Machinery Manufacturers (Assomac) held on November 25, which also appointed a new President for the 2020 – 2024 term. Tanning 

Assomac announced that the 2021 edition of the international trade show dedicated to machinery and technology for the tannery, footwear and finished leather goods sectors has been rescheduled for the second half of 2021. “Postponing the exhibition dates is a proactive action to face the global challenges posed by Covid-19, which would have considerably affected the visitors, particularly those coming from outside the EU”, said Assomac, adding that they have yet to identify favourable dates to hold the event to “guarantee the safest conditions for all participants and ensure the best business opportunities”. Assomac also said they would be present in the upcoming exhibitions related to the sector, such as Lineapelle, which are scheduled to take place March 20 – 24 at in Milan, with an “institutional exhibition solution, which will hopefully offer a suitable opportunity to meet visitors and to keep the Simac Tanning Tech community connected.”

During the Assembly, Assomac also apppointed Maria Vittoria Brustia from footwear machinery specialists Brustia Alfameccanica as the new President.

Assomac appoints new President

During the General Assembly of the Association of Footwear, Leather goods and Tannery Machinery Manufacturers (Assomac) on November 25, Maria Vittoria Brustia from footwear machinery specialists Brustia Alfameccanica was appointed as the new President.

Making a leather mask with a design

Making a leather mask with a design

Learning to make a leather mask with a design

This leather mask for the face is very essential these days. This face protector is the best protection against coronavirus. This leather mask with 6 front holes is produced in a simple design and also has the necessary space to put the air filter inside. You can also use this mask on an n95 face mask. In addition, you can use the straps you want to wear the mask. Here we use chrome brown leather so that we can disinfect it and then sew the parts of the mask with waxed thread.

This leather mask is very stylish and in line with the latest fashion. The sleek and efficient design of this breathing mask has made this product suitable for all ages and different environments. This mask is very light and soft, hence it has become a popular mask.

The new corona virus is highly contagious, so it is important to take precautions to prevent it. The use of leather masks is one of the main ways to prevent the spread of coronavirus. Thanks to the country’s advanced technology in the field of leather industry, the production of leather masks has begun in Iran.

Due to Iran’s brilliant history and reputation in the field of leather industry technologies and with the outbreak of Corona virus in the world, many countries have been looking to store masks. Thus, the demand for leather masks has increased significantly.

The anti-allergy leather mask is completely handmade and is produced in different colors. The advantage of this mask compared to other masks on the market is that it is not disposable. You can also use a tissue as a filter in this mask and after each use of the mask, change your tissue and disinfect the mask with alcohol. This way you can use this mask for a long time.

In addition, by making this mask once, you will also save on the cost of purchasing disposable masks. Because this mask is produced taking into account the needs of the society and its consumer price with the minimum manufacturing price. Also, major orders are accepted for the production of this product.

You can also use the following link to download the mask design:

Click here.

Leather industry human resources

Leather industry human resources

The role of human resources in the development of the leather industry

The most important and vital asset of any organization is its human resources. The quality and capability of human resources is the most important factor for the survival and life of the organization. Capable manpower creates a capable organization. An organization is an environment in which employees in different groups work together to carry out activities. leather industry

An overview of the situation of manpower in the country’s leather industry reveals that illiterate and illiterate workers are at the forefront, indicating a very dangerous situation of human resources in the leather industry and the need to review and change the structure. The purpose of this study is to determine the components of the development of leather industry infrastructure and to develop a suitable model for the development of Tabriz leather industry infrastructure. The research method is descriptive-survey. The research sampling method is systematic random sampling. In this study, 120 questionnaires were used for analysis.leather

The research method is library and field research. Internet research data collection tool is all databases of international articles, interviews and finally the questionnaire. The results of reviewing a series of articles, related theories and interviewing the relevant components and indicators, components and variables of the research have been compiled.leather

Introduction

Undoubtedly, human resources have been the most important factor in achieving development in all ages and have always been considered as the engine of development. In the present age, when human beings have made extraordinary advances in science and technology, despite the role of technology in achieving economic and industrial development, not only the importance of human resources has not diminished, but also the issue of human resources as a creator and user of technology. , The necessity has increased.leather

Manpower is one of the most important elements of organizational development and the realization of long-term and short-term goals of any institution. Strategic management in development programs considers the process of human resource development to have two components: selection and growth. In the first part, the required human resources are identified and in the second part, these resources are familiar with their task and are properly equipped to do it properly so that they can work in environments with changing conditions. In the human resource development process, these two components must be organized simultaneously.leather

The most important element of any system is manpower that can lead the country towards development goals. The correct use of human resources as the most valuable and greatest wealth of any society as an important issue has always been considered by governments, in other words, it can be said that human beings are both the goal and the cause of development and the realization of development goals. It depends to a large extent on how this wealth and vital resource is managed.

Before starting the process of human resource development, it is necessary to know the tasks of the organization and the specialties required to perform these tasks. To achieve this important goal, human resource planning is a serious need of any organization. In manpower planning, the first step is to recognize the current situation, bottlenecks and problems. The problem of manpower in the leather industry should be considered as the most important and fundamental problem and the lack of specialized and efficient manpower in production activities in comparison with the needs of various activities is a serious bottleneck of production and human resource development as a policy strategically emphasized.leather

The role of human resources in the development of leather industry infrastructure

The problem of human resources in the leather industry should be considered as the most important and fundamental problem. Cases such as weakness of production units in various aspects of employment, organization, management and lack of laws in these cases, lack of specialized staff in leather production, inexperience of existing staff, inability to attract specialized personnel in leather products, due to limitations in Organizational chart and low level of wages paid, restrictions of the country’s employment laws on the payment of sufficient salaries and benefits to specialized staff and as a result of low recruitment of the private sector, the lack of executive organization in the relevant leather organizations.leather

Manpower planning in the leather industry at the macro level requires that by regularly collecting information, analyzing the situations and trends of supply and demand of manpower and identifying different ways, the real number of people needed for different jobs can be achieved. At the micro and local level, by analyzing the past and present conditions of human resources, he determined the ways in which the required human resources are defined and available at the appropriate time and place.

The leather quality of this research is of the type of basic as well as applied research and since the purpose of the research is to collect descriptions, analysis and model presentation, the research method is descriptive-survey. In any statistical study, the set of required elements is called society. In other words, society is a set of all possible observations that can be obtained by repeating an experiment (Amidi, 2011).leather

The statistical population of this research is all factories and leather production units of East Azerbaijan province and the respondents are the top managers of factories and leather production units of East Azerbaijan province. Gathering information from a part of the society is called sampling. (Amidi, 2011) The research sampling method is systematic random sampling.

This method has been used because the list of all production units in the leather industry was available. The Cochran’s formula was used to determine the sample size. A statistical sample size of 169 people was obtained, and questionnaires were sent to 170 factories for convenience, of which 140 factories answered the questionnaire questions and 20 questionnaires answered were unusable because they were not fully filled. In this study, 120 questionnaires were used.leather

In this research, a qualitative and quantitative method has been used. In the first step, a qualitative method has been used to find variables and effective and key factors in the development of the industry and in the second step, a quantitative method has been used to prove that the selected factors and variables They have validity and reliability and have been selected and used correctly. Also, in the second step, the extent of the impact of each of the variables on the development of the leather industry (their impact coefficients) was identified. The research method is library and field research. Internet research data collection tool is all databases of international articles, interviews and finally the questionnaire. In the library method, all dissertations, internal management articles, specialized articles in the leather industry, as well as database articles such as Emerald and Science Direct were used.leather

Research Findings

The present study seeks to develop the infrastructure of Tabriz leather industry and provide solutions for development. In this study, in order to collect information related to the development of leather industry infrastructure, a questionnaire consisting of two parts has been designed. The first part contains questions about the personal characteristics of respondents and the second part after reviewing the literature in previous articles and research. Using interviews, 179 items were considered as effective factors in the development and improvement of the leather industry, which were divided into seven groups and evaluated on a 7-point Likert scale, including: In-house human resources Organizational, extra-organizational human resources, support, laws, technology, business relationships and innovation.

Descriptive statistics of data in this chapter, we first examine the demographic variables of research (age, education, etc.). The second part includes descriptive statistics of research questionnaire questions and in the third part, analytical statistics of research are presented. In the present study, in order to check the normality of the variables and determine the appropriate type of tests for data analysis, the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, which shows the normality of all research variables. Multivariate regression was used to test the proposed model and find a suitable model for the research.leather

Mean comparison and analysis of variance tests have been used to influence demographic variables in response to questions related to research hypotheses. In order to accurately determine the gender of the sample, one of the questions of the questionnaire is related to this component. As can be seen in Table 1, 118 people (98.34%) of the statistical sample of the study are men and 2 people (1.66%) are women, and it indicates that in the Iranian leather industry, a very small number of female employees in this The industry is working, it also shows the fact that in this industry, unfortunately, female employees are not used.

The reason for this can be the type of culture or the reasons for not educating women in this industry. Compared to the leading countries in the leather industry, which are mostly used in the final parts of the production process in the leather production of female employees (dyeing, sorting and packaging), which have a great impact on improving the quality of leather. Unfortunately, in the leather industry, women are at least used.leather

Table 1: Gender frequency of the statistical sample of the research
Relative frequency frequency Gender
98.34 118 Male
1.66 2 Female

In terms of education, statistical sample people are classified into 5 categories, the table below shows their status in terms of education level. As shown in Table 2, about 20.84 percent of people (25 people) have undergraduate education, 37.5 percent (45 people) have a diploma, 16.67 percent (20 people) have a postgraduate degree, 84 15% (19 people) have a bachelor’s degree, 6.66 percent (8 people) have a master’s degree and 2.5 percent (3 people) have a doctorate. Most of the statistical sample of this study had diploma education.

Table 2: Education rate of statistical research sample
Relative frequency Frequency education
20.84 25 High school
37.5 45 Diploma
16.67 20 Associate Degree
15.84 19 Bachelor’s Degree
6.66 8 Master’s Degree
2.5 3 Doctorate’s Degree

In terms of work experience, statistical sample people are classified into 6 categories, Table 3 shows their status in terms of work experience level. As can be seen in Table 3, out of 120 people in the statistical sample, 25% (30 people) have a history of service under 1-3 years, 25% (30 people) have a history of 4-7 years, 12.5% (15 N) had a history of 10-8 years, 14.16% (17 people) had a history of 11-15 years, 15% (18 people) had a history of 20-16 years and 8.33% (10 people) had a history of more than 20 years.leather

Table 3: Work experience of statistical research sample
Work experience Relative frequency
1-3 years 30 25
4-7 years 30 25
8-10 years 15 12.5
11-15 years 17 14.16
16-20 years 18 15
20 years and up 10 8.33

In terms of age, the statistical sample is classified into 6 categories, Table (4) shows their status in terms of age and Table (5) shows their status in terms of the number of employees in each production unit. According to the information in Table 4, 12.5% (15 people) in the age group of 20-30 years, 16.67% (20 people) in the age group of 30-40 years, 22.5% (27 people) in the age group of 40-50 years 31.67% (38 people) in the age group of 50-60 years, 12.5% (15 people) in the age group of 60-70 years and the rest were unanswered.

Table 4: Age of the statistical sample of the research
Age Frequency Relative Frequency
20-30 years 15 12.5
30-40 years 20 16.67
40-50 years 27 22.5
50-60 years 38 31.67
60-70 years 15 12.5
Unanswered 5 4.17

Table 5: Number of employees in each production unit of the statistical sample of the research
Number of personnel working in production units Frequency Relative Frequency
1-5 people 38 31.67
6-10 people 45 37.5
10-15 people 25 20.84
16-20 people 10 8.34
21-25 people 2 1.66
26 people and up 0

Most companies operating in the leather industry have less than 20 employees, which indicates the small size of production units. According to previous studies conducted in leading countries in this industry, the average number of employees is over 50 (World Trade Organization, 2010). After reviewing, interviewing and reviewing the research background, the researcher’s proposed model for this research is as follows:

According to the information collected through library study and interviews with leather industry experts, indicators were identified as influential factors in the leather industry, and considering that after collecting information through the initial test, the components were at the desired level. Factor analysis was performed. After changes in the research questions, the desired results were obtained. Table 6 shows that the proposed model is valid to explain the development of the leather industry.

Table 6: Degree of model validity
Model Summary
Model R R Square Adjusted R Square Std. Error of the Estimate
1 .994a .989 .987 .07637
a. Predictors: (Constant), TECH1, support and empowerment, human, buy and sell, rule, innovation, external

Result

Management is the most important factor in the life, growth and development of organizations. Achieving sustainable productivity, creativity and innovation, and an adequate quality of life depend on efficient, effective, intelligent, and committed human resource management. Since human resources are the most valuable factor of production and the most important capital and the main source of competitive advantage and create the basic capabilities of any organization, one of the most effective ways to achieve competitive advantage in the current situation is to make employees more efficient.

What is important in the development of human resources is that the improvement of human resources is not only achieved through technical and specialized training, but also in various ways to develop staff training, and this is important, except by implementing strategic plans in the field of human resource management. It will not be possible. Coherence in human resource development programs requires the development of employee empowerment programs that human resource management plays an important role in integrating and integrating these programs to provide an appropriate model of employee empowerment.

Personnel management is an area that is as old as the entire management area but has naturally changed and evolved. The turning point of this change and evolution is where human resource management is introduced instead of employee management. Human resource management, in addition to having the basics and concepts of employee management, considers more general and newer approaches in human resource management. Organizational success is more likely if the policies and procedures of the employees of the organization are consistent with each other and have a significant contribution in achieving the goals of the organization and strategic plans.

General culture and values, organizational conditions and managerial behavior that originate from that culture have a great impact on achieving the desired excellence. Such a culture needs to be managed, which means that a constant effort must be made to create acceptance and fulfill them. Achieving integration requires continuous effort. Integrity means that all members of the organization work together with a sense of common purpose.

Proposal

In today’s competitive world, one of the most important tools for creating change and survival of the organization and achieving the desired goals and missions is the human element. In the meantime, what gives life to the category of transformation and ensures the survival of the organization are human resources. Organizational success depends on an effective mix of money, materials, machinery, and human resources to achieve short-term and long-term goals. Maximize the manufacturer.

The reality is that if we lack creative, knowledgeable, opportunistic, and problem-solving people in organizations, we will miss many opportunities. To achieve the goal of globalization or even to remain at this level, it is necessary to train and replace new forces in order to continue the path of growth and development, and the future of the industry belongs to those who have a plan and goal for it. This is how changing in human resources and organizational structure becomes inevitable, and management scientists believe that change in human resources is the root of all the success of organizations.

Obviously, if there is no change in human resource management, the industry is doomed. Therefore, planning for human resource development and designing human resource empowerment programs is one of the basic strategies to achieve sustainable development and globalization in which human resource managers have a significant role. . The structure and method of the research was designed based on the methods appropriate to the research questions and the research model was presented. In this section, the relationship between the infrastructure of the leather industry and the performance of organizations was fully understood.

The research tool obtained after the interview was approved and sent to the statistical sample. After collecting information and grouping them, analysis was performed and according to the results obtained and summarizing the results of data analysis, we provide suggestions. Proposed model for the development of leather infrastructure using extractive components from theoretical foundations and empirical background and components included in the questionnaire.

The first proposed model is the development of the optimal infrastructure of the leather industry in Iran and therefore cannot be compared (due to the lack of another model) with other models. Due to the effective role of human resources in the development of the leather industry, the presence of experienced professors with modern knowledge in the leather industry and the presence of professionally trained workers, mutual commitment of employers and staff and raising the literacy level of managers in production units and more scientific familiarity Learning from the leather industry and the basic support they provide can pave the way for the development of the leather industry infrastructure.

The traditional nature of the leather industry is one of the factors reducing the development of the leather industry in East Azerbaijan province, which means that the lack of appropriate technology, very little use of up-to-date scientific experience, lack of R&D and laboratories equipped production units, lack of attention To the standards required for raw skin from the time of slaughter to the beginning of tanning, the standards required for the chemical raw materials used in tanning and related factors have led to the lack of development of the leather industry.

Organizations have to use new and efficient management methods to nurture and develop their human resources, because they both benefit from the training process and have a great positive impact on the organization’s workforce. One of the primary goals of human resource management is to create the conditions through which employees’ potential talents are discovered and flourished and their commitment to the organization is increased. This potential talent is not only related to their ability to learn and apply new knowledge and skills, but also includes their valuable thoughts and views about the organization.

In the concept of human resource development, the goal is to create skills that can prepare oneself for higher jobs or heavier responsibilities. Therefore, human resource development training programs are for the growth of individuals without connection to current or future organizational jobs. This does not mean that the results of development training programs in the current or future jobs of the organization are useless, but programs are designed and in a word, the purpose of development training programs is to keep the organization alive and well in the process of adaptation. And change the methods and policies of the organization easily.

Dr. Nasser Feghhi Farahmand

Faculty Member (Associate Professor) Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Department of Industrial Management, Tabriz, Iran

E-mail: farahmand@iaut.ac.ir

Dr. Mohammad Dabaghi ​​Sadr

PhD in Strategic Management, Tabriz, Iran

Chairman of the Board of Sadra Leather Manufacturing

E-mail: mdsadr@yahoo.com

Sources and references

Rading, Allen (1383), Knowledge Management. Translated by Dr. Mohammad Hossein Latifi. Tehran: Samat Publications. First Edition.

Rajaipour, Saeed, and Hamid Rahimi (2008), A study of the relationship between knowledge management conversion process and the performance of faculty members of the University of Isfahan. Journal of Management (31): 76-59.

Rafati Shaldehi, Hassan, Reza Hasnavi, Farid Beh Azin, and Seyed Alireza Bani Taba (2008), A Study of Knowledge Management Model in a Military Research Center. Military Medicine (10): 252-237.

Zafarian, Reza, Mona Esmailzadeh, and Nisa Shafahi (2008), Presenting a Knowledge Management Model in Small and Medium Businesses. Entrepreneurship Development. 1 (2): 102-75.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2001), Executive Management Process, First Edition, Islamic Azad University of Tabriz.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2002), Management in Iran, Second Edition. Tabriz Public Management Training Center Bookstore.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2003), Reliable Management of the Organization, First Edition, Foroozeh Publications, Tabriz.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2003), Management of Strategic Structure of the Organization, Fourth Edition, Islamic Azad University of Tabriz.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2011), Dynamic Management of the Organization, Second Edition, Foroozeh Publications, Tabriz.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2009), Development of Strategic Plan of the Organization, First Edition, Foroozeh Publications, Tabriz.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2011), Strategic Management of the Organization, Second Edition, Foroozeh Publications, Tabriz.

Feghhi Farahmand, Dr. Nasser (2011), Technology Management of the Organization, Second Edition, Foroozeh Publications, Tabriz.

Mohammadi, Mohammad (2001), Empowerment of Manpower, Quarterly Journal of Management Studies, Nos. 31 and 32, Allameh Tabatabaie University Press.

quality of the leather industry

quality of the leather industry

The role of raw leather in the quality of the leather industry

leather industry :Today, according to experts in various fields of management knowledge, the main factor in the development of any organization and any system is product quality. The experience of developed countries reflects the fact that having quality products and emphasizing quality has been the cause of growth and development of those countries, not natural and material resources. The purpose of this study is to determine the quality components of the leather industry, to develop a suitable model for the quality of the Tabriz leather industry. The research method is descriptive-survey and the research sampling method is systematic random sampling and 182 questionnaires were used for analysis. In this research, based on library studies and internet search, the theoretical foundations and background of research inside and outside the country have been studied and then a set of related components and indicators of each component has been compiled using the results obtained from the study. This set includes four components: livestock breeding, slaughterhouse, transportation conditions and tanning.

leath

Introduction

Product quality is one of the factors for the progress and development of any society and its organizations. Undoubtedly, the growth and development of any organization depends on the quality of the product of that organization, but just having quality does not seem sufficient and acceptable, but how to obtain raw materials, optimal use of raw materials, productivity, maintenance, evaluation And evaluating their performance and updating their knowledge and product returns is important and valuable.

Leather production units are one of the important pillars of society, which due to the task and mission assigned to these organizations, the need to review and provide a suitable model according to the current situation regarding leather quality in the current situation to achieve more useful and effective results. On the other hand, today, leather production units more than other manufacturers and organizations are in the path of a hurricane of change, and they must adapt to this rapid growth as soon as possible and pay full attention to improve the quality of their products. Update themselves with hardware and software changes, and by replacing a culture in which evaluating and reviewing social processes (especially decision-making, planning, and communication) is a perfectly logical and rational practice, and to create constructive changes in quality. Leather should be achieved by managers with new trends and improve the quality of raw materials and resources (Nasirian, 2008).

The leather and leather industry has a long history before the arrival of the Aryans in Iran, and the industries that once had a global reputation in the field of leather production, in the current conditions of recession and alienation are experiencing. Dozens of lasting names left over from the leather industry are each the story of men who stacked their industrial units brick by brick to be a flag of pride and a symbol of empowerment, but these units, one by one, instead of witnessing increasing development. They become stagnant and industrial cemeteries.

Factors affecting the quality of the leather industry

In general, tanning is a mixture of science and art, science is to use the latest phenomena of technical knowledge, machinery, composition of materials, mixing colors and making and producing it based on science and knowledge, art to use taste And the taste in applying scientific findings in its artistic payment, which is manifested in the leather handicrafts of this art. Today, from an environmental point of view, the leather industry is the most important consumer of wastes and perishable slaughterhouses (meat is the main source of protein needed by humans, livestock), ie skin, otherwise these wastes (skin Perishable) releases large amounts of carbon dioxide into space, raising the controversial issue of global warming. Given that the infrastructure of our country is based on animal husbandry and production.

Accordingly, the livestock sector can play a key role in the country’s economy. The skin is one of the livestock items that turns into leather and can be effective in achieving this goal. In order to improve the role of leather, it is necessary to examine the factors that are effective in the field of skin quality, because in this case, the leather product can compete with foreign types, on the other hand, society can consume clothes, bags, shoes, sofas. And the leather upholstery of the cars led us to meet the consumption needs both in terms of domestic production and to increase non-oil exports by exporting this product abroad. Therefore, in order to achieve the above-mentioned cases, it is necessary to consider the quality in all aspects from when the livestock is alive and its transport time for slaughter and slaughter time and maintenance after slaughter and skin care and its transportation for tanning and tanning methods.

In this research, more managerial factors affecting the quality of leather are considered, which can be provided by examining these factors, the necessary ground to improve the quality of leather. Economic factors such as compliance with all standards for livestock keeping, livestock transportation, slaughter and skin removal methods, skin care warehouses, quarantines required for skin transportation and finally skin tanning, and so on. And from the management factors, we can monitor the implementation process of the above cases and their compliance with the set standards, as well as the use of new technologies, including machinery, and the use of new knowledge in the above cases, which all go hand in hand to leather have quality.

Everyone agrees that for the growth and development of the industry, there is a need for well-codified and coherent planning with full knowledge of resources and costs. Unfortunately, the leather industry is one of the industries that has received less attention and the craftsmen have been unaware of this issue due to lack of coherence and coordination. The beginnings of the leather industry and one of the national treasures of the country are very valuable. The fact of the matter is that although the policy makers for the industry have fallen short, but in the meantime the tanners are not innocent, because during all these years, having a macro model and strategy of this industry was never one of their serious demands and they did not want it. In a situation where the world is developing and changing rapidly, although we have been thinking about developing a principled and scientific model for the growth and development of our country’s leather, but now we are in a situation where it can be said that it is not too late.

Therefore, providing a favorable model for the quality of the leather industry is an inevitable necessity, and until we explain this issue, cross-sectional and occasional movements will not get us home. The important basic axes for drawing the model can be summarized as areas such as reconstruction and modernization of slaughterhouses, factories, animal husbandry, skin care and transportation, setting up a technical and professional system and academic discipline to improve the training and skills of unit staff and he knew. And since there is no model for quality in this industry, so the main goal of the researcher is to achieve and develop a model for quality in the leather industry.

Leather making and especially animal husbandry is one of the most important factors in the economic and independence of any country. Because in addition to providing the required meat and milk, it also provides employment for a large group of people in the villages. Investigating the situation of animal husbandry in different regions in order to provide employment opportunities, optimal use of local resources, recognition of agricultural and economic talents, prevention of excessive migration to cities, guarantee of social values, increase production and productivity, effective participation of people in decision Getting, maintaining ecological balance and ultimately sustainable development and having the right skin for tanning, which is more important in tanning, is very necessary. Due to the high biological density of the population and severe limitations in terms of the number of live animals, planning for the optimal use of limited facilities is a necessity of animal husbandry and leather industry in the country.

Numerous factors cause the desired level of use to not be met per unit. Temperature, rainfall, humidity, human and managerial factors, geographical location and… will have a great impact on increasing or decreasing the quality of skin and finally leather.

Lack of proper and rational use of livestock, leather and finally leather for various reasons, severely damages the economy of this industry and consequently the national economy. The position of leather and leather in the pattern of domestic consumption and lack of good quality causes a large amount of shoes to enter the country annually in different ways or due to non-compliance with the necessary standards in slaughter and skin care imposes high costs on society and causes It becomes a quality leather. The role of leather in the society’s economy can be emphasized when it can be updated in accordance with the existing quality standards.

On the other hand, due to the high consumption of leather (for shoes, bags, furniture, etc.) in society, the high quality of leather can lead the community to domestic production and by recognizing the place of leather in consumer culture, basic steps In order to help the progress and development of the country. If the leather industry can find its true place in the society both before production and at the same time as tanning and after turning into leather, it can be in various fields such as employment, preventing the outflow of foreign currency from the country and things like that. Contribute to the economy and society. As a result, all those who are engaged in animal husbandry, animal husbandry, slaughterhouses, skin care, skin transportation, leather factories, by observing the basic principles of this model, provide conditions for the production of high quality leather. They build the ability to compete with foreign competitors.

Research Findings

Statistical Society

The statistical population of this research includes professors of executive management and industrial fields of Tabriz universities and leather experts of Tabriz Charmshahr, which are as described in Table 1:

Table (1): Composition of members of the statistical community by groups

Statistical Society Number Percent Total
Professors 40 20 40
experts 160 80 160
Total 200 100 200

The sample size in this study according to the number and volume of the statistical population is equal to (N = 200 people). According to Morgan table, the sample size (person = S 182) was determined.

Two researcher-made questionnaires have been used to conduct research and collect information. The first questionnaire was prepared in relation to the quality components of the leather industry and its indicators, and the second questionnaire was related to the philosophy of goals, theoretical foundations, and executive steps, is a system of evaluation and feedback.

According to the research literature and the four components extracted from it as follows: livestock breeding, slaughterhouse, transportation conditions and tanning from which it was extracted. The first questionnaire has 49 items and the second questionnaire has 29 questions.

In preparing the questionnaires, by carefully studying different texts and using the opinions of experts, supervisors and consultants, indicators related to each of the research components were extracted and questions were asked that could assess the relevant questions in order to have Be valid.

Reliability coefficient, Cronbach’s alpha for questions related to livestock breeding components equal to α = 0.8855, for slaughterhouse components equal to α = 0.8623, for transportation conditions components equal to 0.8623 = and for questions related to Tanning components equal to α = 0.8983 were obtained.

Findings and proposed model

Question 1

What are the components of the quality model of the leather industry?

According to the results of statistical analysis of the mentioned components and the indicators considered for each component and the results of the test performed, the approval of all four components and indicators has been considered. Because the total average obtained for each of the components of livestock breeding (83.02), slaughterhouse (70.58), transportation conditions (78.81) and tanning (76.69). Therefore, it can be concluded that all four components of the quality framework are part of the important quality components of the leather industry.leather industry,

Question 2

Based on the mentioned components, what model can be provided for the quality of the leather industry?

A model for quality of Tabriz leather industry (K.B.D.)

Row Component Subcomponent
1 Quality of livestock 1.      Prevent scratches and impact effects (54/8)

2.      Prevention of pasture complications (32/8)

3.      Prevent the effects of makeup and porcelain wool (8/16)

4.      Prevent the effects of marking (8/20

5.      Observance of animal hygiene, including animal washing (8/34)

6.      Improving maintenance halls (8/25)

7.      Timely vaccination (50/8)

8.      Protection against parasites (54/8)

9.      Proper nutrition (56/8)

2 Slaughterhouse 1.      Use of standard butchery tools (8/45)

2.      Observance of thorough hygiene and spraying of the environment (43/8)

3.      Proper skin removal (29/8)

4.      Thoroughly wash the skin before salting (12/8)

5.      Use of pure salt (8/13)

6.      Correct control over salting and its subsequent storage method (8/16)

7.      Sorting the skin (05/8)

8.      Standardization of skin warehouses (09/08)

9.      Efforts to make optimal use of waste, viscera and viscera (7/79)

3 Shipping conditions 1.      Use of preservatives in case of long delivery time (8/16)

2.      Use of refrigerated containers in hot seasons (8/18)

3.      Carrying the skin after at least one week of salt gain (8/15)

4.      Observe all items to prevent skin damage in loading and unloading the skin (12/8)

5.      Use of machines for transporting skin (96/7)

6.      The skin should be free of any substances, contents, animal waste, water (7/99)

4 Tanning 1.      Soaking (7/95)

2.      Waxing and lime (08/01)

3.      Leash (94/7)

4.      Calcareous ash (75/7)

5.      Decalcification and enzymatization (8/1)

6.      Acidification (87/7)

7.      Chrome tanning (79/7)

8.      Determining the desired thickness (76/7)

9.      Re-tanning, painting (04/08)

10.  Drying the skin (78/7)

11.  Leather dyeing (03/8)

Based on the theoretical foundations and research background, the draft model consists of four components for the quality of the leather industry, which include livestock breeding, slaughterhouse, transportation conditions and tanning.

Result

The proposed quality model to the leather industry using 4 components extracted from theoretical foundations and empirical background, and the component including philosophy and objectives, theoretical foundations, model implementation steps were included in the questionnaire, after collecting data and analyzing them, the component Philosophy and objectives, the theoretical foundations of the proposed model were approved, and the implementation process and feedback evaluation system were among the limitations of the research. Also, 4 components of the perceptual framework and their 35 variables were approved as follows: leather industry

1- Components of livestock breeding: This component includes preventing scratches and impact effects, preventing the effects of grazing, preventing the effects of makeup and wool, preventing the effects of marking, observing animal health, including washing livestock, improving Maintenance halls, timely vaccination, parasite protection, proper nutrition and this component was approved with the explained variance (83/02) and 9 variables were approved and this component was ranked first among the 4 proposed components of the model. According to the researcher, it is impossible to improve the quality of leather without considering the breeding and maintenance of live animals. leather industry

2- Components of transport conditions: This component includes the skin should be free of any materials, contents, animal waste, water blue, use of preservatives in case of long transport time, use of refrigerated containers in hot seasons, transport of skin after minimum One week of salt gain, observing all the items to prevent damage to the skin in loading and unloading the skin, is the use of special machines for transporting the skin, and this component was confirmed with the explained variance (78/81), and 6 Its variable was confirmed and this component was ranked second among the 4 proposed components of the model in terms of ranking. leather industry

3- Tanning components: including soaking, lubrication and lime, lubrication, lime ash, desalination, enzymatization, acidification, chrome tanning, determination of desired thickness, re-tanning, dyeing and lubrication, skin drying, dyeing It is leather and this component was confirmed by the explained variance (76.69) and all 11 variables were confirmed and ranked third among the 4 components. According to the researcher, the reason for confirming all the variables of the mentioned component is that the criteria and standards have been observed correctly in tanning evaluation.

4- Slaughterhouse component: This component includes the use of standard butchery equipment, complete hygiene and spraying of the environment, proper skin removal, thorough washing of the skin before salting, use of pure salt, proper control over salting and after-storage method It is skin sorting, standardization of skin depots, trying to make optimal use of lesions, viscera and viscera and was confirmed with the explained variance (70/58) and all 9 variables were approved and this component in Ranked fourth out of 4 proposed components of the template. leather industry

Proposal

1- The need to improve the quality of the leather industry is currently one of the approaches that should affect the industries related to the leather industry. Part of the quality contribution of the leather industry is related to the quality of the raw leather industry and the chemical raw materials used in the leather industry, of which raw leather is a large part of this wide range. Therefore, considering these cases, in the first place, trying to have raw skin and chemical raw materials is more important in the world, and in the second place, by updating the leather production centers and production stages, leading to globalization in the leather industry with ease. It is done a lot.

In order to have skin and chemical raw materials on a global level, more cooperation is needed from institutions and organizations such as Jihad-e-Agriculture, Veterinary Administration, Slaughterhouse Affairs, Dermatology, Petrochemical Union, manufacturers of chemical raw materials for leather industry, customs, municipality and environment. Be bio-minded, and in the second place includes the shoe and saddle industry and other industries that use natural leather in a way that by updating their products globally, a fundamental step can be taken for the quality and globalization of leather products. leather industry

In this regard, it is suggested that by preventing scratches and impact effects, preventing the effects of grazing, preventing the effects of makeup and wool, preventing the effects of marking, observing animal hygiene, including washing livestock, improving storage halls, Timely vaccination, protection of parasites, proper nutrition, appropriate ways to be identified and clear who to serve in farms and with what skills and expertise to first have good meat and thus provide healthy and quality skin for leather production In the conditions of transportation to the skin, we must be free of any materials, contents, animal waste, water, water, use preservatives in case of long transport time, use refrigerated containers in hot seasons, transport the skin after at least a week of salt Pay special attention to prevent skin damage in loading and unloading the skin, use of special machines for transporting leather, and establish a system of suggestions in the Council of Leather Manufacturers and Private Leather Town. leather industry

 In the discussion of the slaughterhouse, if special attention is paid to the standards and conditions that must be observed, quality and flawless skins will reach the leather maker, which will not cause any problems with tanning. In the field of tanning, using modern technology and using the experiences of the past and experienced professionals, and by updating all cases in leather production, provided there is a suitable skin, a ground is prepared to compete with prominent and famous leather countries all over the world. leather industry

Dr. Mohammad Dabaghi ​​Sadr

PhD in Strategic Management, Tabriz, Iran

Chairman of the Board of Sadra Leather Manufacturing

E-mail: mdsadr@yahoo.com

Resources

Ahmadi, Behzad and Sami, Saeed (1987), Skin and Leather Chemistry, Mohit Publications

– Ahmadi, Siavash (1990), Leather Technology, published by the Iranian Institute of Standards and Industrial Research

– Bazargani Nia, Masoumeh (2002) The effect of globalization on the textile, clothing and leather industries during the period 1358-78

– Pahlavani, Ata Ali (1998) A study entitled Examining the export of light leather products and providing appropriate solutions for improvement

– Houri, Amir (1997) A research entitled “Strategy for developing the location pattern of the leather and leather industry.”

Khaki, Gholamreza (2006), Article “The Paradox of Order and Chaos, the Main Challenge of Art Management”, Art Management Seminar,

– Dahi, Ali (1980), from leather to leather, published by the National Shoe Research and Internship Center

– Ghalebi, Mohammad (2005) A study entitled “Assessing the comparative advantage and prioritization of target markets for the export of Iranian leather and leather industries”

– Faghih Nasiri, Marjan (1373) A study entitled Comparative advantages of the country in the leather industry

Finances in the leather industry

Finances in the leather industry

Finances in the leather industry

The industrial sector in Iran is one of the main sectors of the economy and has a major share of GDP. Therefore, studying the effects of different economic variables on growth and investment in this sector can be important. Over the past decades, the role of financial markets in the process of economic growth has been widely considered. One of the most important challenges currently facing the leather industry is to provide the financial resources needed to perform legal duties and missions or the needs and demands of their customers.

The purpose of this study is to determine the components of infrastructure development of leather industry and to develop a suitable model for the development of infrastructure of Tabriz leather industry. The research questions are what are the components of the development model of the optimal infrastructure of the leather industry and based on the mentioned components, what model can be offered for the development of the optimal infrastructure of the leather industry? The research method is descriptive-survey. The research sampling method is systematic random sampling.

In this research, 120 questionnaires were used for analysis. The research method is library and field. Internet research data collection tool is all databases of international articles, interviews and finally the questionnaire. The results of reviewing a series of articles, related theories and interviewing the relevant components and indicators, components and variables of the research have been compiled.

Introduction

Financial resource management is the most important and sensitive function of an economic enterprise. Financial management is the management of resources and expenses. The purpose of management is to increase the value of the company and since the value of the company is crystallized in the stock price, it can be said that the purpose of financial management is to increase the wealth of shareholders. Successful implementation of this function requires a wide variety of information that is collected through close links with other functions of the firm. Data and information processed in the field of financial resources, on the one hand is the basis of management decisions for planning, implementation and evaluation of performance of all areas in the firm and on the other hand is the basis for monitoring and measuring firm performance by stakeholders (shareholders, auditors) is located.

In any business, capital is one of the most important factors of production and producers need to provide the necessary capital or financing to produce their product or service. In this regard, obtaining capital and financing to start a business and develop it has always been a serious problem for entrepreneurs and owners of manufacturing enterprises. Therefore, the ability of the firm to determine the potential financial resources to provide capital for investment and also to prepare appropriate financial plans is the main factors for the growth and development of a business. The development of a country’s industry requires a diverse set of strategies. But these strategies can be divided into a general category of firm management strategies and strategies surrounding the firm environment.

In the first category, strategies that are directly related to the performance of the firm are considered, such as strategies related to technology upgrades, labor laws, effective taxes on production, and the like. But in the second category, a set of strategies that oversee the firm’s marginal services are considered, such as transportation services, financing, raw material supply, and the like. One of the important services in this category is related to financing services that can play an important role in the activities of enterprises. Before entering into the financing problems of firms, it is necessary to point out that many of the problems of firms, which seem to be the cause of financing, are rooted in other cases and areas. This means that the existence of problems in other areas of the firm’s activity causes the firm to need more financial resources and to meet these excess needs to turn to banking resources and..

Naturally, the financing system is not able to meet this surplus need. For example, non-timely receipt of firm sales revenue due to inadequate market structure or high cost of production in the firm leads to an excess need for banking resources. The leather and leather industry has a long history before the arrival of the Aryans in Iran, and the industries that once had a global reputation in the field of leather production, in the current conditions of recession and alienation are experiencing. Dozens of lasting names left over from the leather industry are each the story of men who stacked their industrial units brick by brick to be a flag of pride and a symbol of empowerment, but these units, one by one, instead of witnessing increasing development. They become stagnant and industrial cemeteries.

The role of financial resources in the development of leather industry infrastructure

Financing of projects and projects and its forecasting is one of the most important issues that are less addressed and in some cases it is observed that without the necessary legal steps and project financing, the implementation of approved projects is started and preliminary operations are started to start executive actions. And consequently, they think about the required financial resources and seek approval because of the financial need. In general, for any useful activity, there should be a well-written plan. A plan in the form of operating budgets, cash budgets and capital budgets for a period of the company’s activity in all areas should be prepared by management accounting and then during the implementation of the mentioned programs based on obtaining reports of actual performance, necessary information to compare operations and program to guide And provide management guidance.

The provision of financial resources and its consumption or use in the firm requires comprehensive management, which is important in financial accounting. Cash flow control, calculation and payment of salaries and benefits of employees as the most continuous, complex and diverse type of payment are the main functions of financial accounting. Registration and maintenance of accrual accounts along with cash accounts in order to summarize the nature and amount of capital used in the firm as well as measuring capital changes due to performance for a period is one of the other main functions of financial accounting.

The activities of other areas of the firm around the axis of commodity circulation, including supply and supply, maintenance, consumption, production and sales after registration in the relevant functions are first controlled and evaluated in industrial accounting and then their results are reflected in financial accounting for registration. This research is a kind of basic as well as applied research and since the purpose of this research is to collect description, analysis and model presentation, it is a descriptive-survey research method. In any statistical study, the set of required elements is called society. In other words, society is a set of all possible observations that can be obtained by repeating an experiment (Amidi, 2011).

The statistical population of this research is all factories and leather production units of East Azerbaijan province and the respondents are the top managers of factories and leather production units of East Azerbaijan province. Collecting information from a part of the society is called sampling. (Amidi, 2011) The research sampling method is systematic random sampling. This method has been used because the list of all production units in the leather industry was available. The Cochran’s formula was used to determine the sample size. A statistical sample size of 169 people was obtained, and questionnaires were sent to 170 factories for convenience, of which 140 factories answered the questionnaire questions and 20 questionnaires answered were unusable because they were not fully filled.

In this study, 120 questionnaires were used. In this research, a qualitative and quantitative method has been used. In the first step, a qualitative method has been used to find variables and effective and key factors in the development of the industry and in the second step, a quantitative method has been used to prove that the selected factors and variables They have validity and reliability and have been selected and used correctly. Also, in the second step, the impact of each of the variables on the development of the leather industry (their impact coefficients) was identified. The method of studying the research is library and field. Internet research data collection tool is all databases of international articles, interviews and in the last stage of the questionnaire. In the library method, all dissertations, internal management articles, specialized articles in the leather industry, as well as database articles such as Emerald and Science Direct are used.

Research Findings

The present study seeks to develop the infrastructure of Tabriz leather industry and provide solutions for development. In this study, in order to collect information related to the development of leather industry infrastructure, a questionnaire consisting of two parts has been designed. The first part contains questions about the personal characteristics of respondents and the second part after reviewing the literature in previous articles and research. Using the interviews, 179 items were considered as effective factors in the development and improvement of the leather industry, which were divided into seven groups and evaluated on a 7-point Likert scale, which are: Human resources within Organizational, extra-organizational human resources, support, laws, technology, business relationships and innovation. Descriptive statistics of data in this chapter, we first examine the demographic variables of research (age, education, etc.).

The second part includes descriptive statistics of research questionnaire questions and in the third part, analytical statistics of research are presented. In the present study, in order to check the normality of the variables and determine the appropriate type of tests for data analysis, the Klomogorov-Sperenov test, which shows the normality of all research variables. Multivariate regression was used to test the proposed model and find a suitable model for the research. Mean comparison and analysis of variance tests have been used to influence demographic variables in response to questions related to research hypotheses. In order to accurately determine the gender of the sample, one of the questions of the questionnaire is related to this component.

As can be seen in Table 1, 118 people (98.34%) of the statistical sample of the study are men and 2 people (1.66%) are women, indicating that in the Iranian leather industry a very small number of female employees in this The industry is working, it also shows the fact that in this industry, unfortunately, female employees are not used. This can be due to the culture or the reasons for not educating women in this industry. Compared to the leading countries in the leather industry, which are often used in the final parts of the production process in the leather production of female employees (dyeing) , Sorting and packaging) which have a great impact on improving the quality of leather. Unfortunately, in the leather industry, women are at least used.

Table 1: Gender frequency of the statistical sample of the research
Relative frequency frequency Gender
98.34 118 Male
1.66 2 Female

In terms of education, statistical sample people are classified into 5 categories, the table below shows their status in terms of education level. As shown in Table 2, about 20.84 percent of people (25 people) have undergraduate education, 37.5 percent (45 people) have a diploma, 16.67 percent (20 people) have a postgraduate degree, 84 15% (19 people) have a bachelor’s degree, 6.66 percent (8 people) have a master’s degree and 2.5 percent (3 people) have a doctorate. Most of the statistical sample of this study had diploma education.

Table 2: Education rate of statistical research sample
Relative frequency Frequency education
20.84 25 High school
37.5 45 Diploma
16.67 20 Associate Degree
15.84 19 Bachelor’s Degree
6.66 8 Master’s Degree
2.5 3 Doctorate’s Degree

In terms of work experience, statistical sample people are classified into 6 categories, Table 3 shows their status in terms of work experience level. As can be seen in Table 3, out of 120 people in the statistical sample, 25% (30 people) have a history of service under 1-3 years, 25% (30 people) have a history of 4-7 years, 12.5% (15 N) had a history of 10-8 years, 14.16% (17 people) had a history of 11-15 years, 15% (18 people) had a history of 20-16 years and 8.33% (10 people) had a history of more than 20 years.

Table 3: Work experience of statistical research sample
Work experience Relative frequency
1-3 years 30 25
4-7 years 30 25
8-10 years 15 12.5
11-15 years 17 14.16
16-20 years 18 15
20 years and up 10 8.33

In terms of age, the statistical sample is classified into 6 categories, Table (4) shows their status in terms of age and Table (5) shows their status in terms of the number of employees in each production unit. According to the information in Table 4, 12.5% (15 people) in the age group of 20-30 years, 16.67% (20 people) in the age group of 30-40 years, 22.5% (27 people) in the age group of 40-50 years 31.67% (38 people) in the age group of 50-60 years, 12.5% (15 people) in the age group of 60-70 years and the rest were unanswered.

Table 4: Age of the statistical sample of the research
Age Frequency Relative Frequency
20-30 years 15 12.5
30-40 years 20 16.67
40-50 years 27 22.5
50-60 years 38 31.67
60-70 years 15 12.5
Unanswered 5 4.17

Table 5: Number of employees in each production unit of the statistical sample of the research
Number of personnel working in production units Frequency Relative Frequency
1-5 people 38 31.67
6-10 people 45 37.5
10-15 people 25 20.84
16-20 people 10 8.34
21-25 people 2 1.66
26 people and up 0

Most companies operating in the leather industry have less than 20 employees, which indicate the small size of production units. According to previous studies conducted in leading countries in the industry, the average number of employees is over 50 (World Trade Organization, 2010). After reviewing, interviewing and reviewing the research background, the researcher’s proposed model for this research is as follows:

According to the information collected through library study and interviews with leather industry experts, indicators were identified as influential factors in the leather industry, and considering that after collecting information through the initial test, the components were at the desired level. Factor analysis was performed. After changes in the research questions, the desired results were obtained. Table 6 shows that the proposed model is valid to explain the development of the leather industry.

Table 6: Degree of model validity
Model Summary
Model R R Square Adjusted R Square Std. Error of the Estimate
1 .994a .989 .987 .07637
a. Predictors: (Constant), TECH1, support and empowerment, human, buy and sell, rule, innovation, external

Result

In fact, one of the major problems posed by leather manufacturers is the problem of financing. This problem arises while considering the volume of investments and the amount of trade in Charmshahr, the question that arises is why the lack of financial resources in leather producers is at the top of their problems? The answer to the relevant question can be said that the problem is not the lack of liquidity resources; The answer to this question can be clearly found in the financial management and finance of leather manufacturers. An organization in which the upward growth of losses and accumulation of annual losses, loss of financial credit with banks and financial institutions, inability to collect a large part of the organization’s receivables due to annuality and lack of positive evidence to be followed, account inactivity The banking hub of the organization, which causes the inability of financial and facility maneuvers, cash purchase of required raw materials and sale of loans with repayment of several months, existence of accumulated obligations and accounts payable and stagnant from previous years to legal and natural persons, existence of many discrepancies in accounts The organization’s financial hub and failure to review profits and losses from book accounts, failure to calculate depreciation of buildings and devices from the establishment of units will not be considered and will not be better than the current situation and will move towards destruction day by day and obviously In the first step, production units must be organized in such a way as to provide a performance-efficient performance in the performance of their inherent duties in accordance with the above. In this regard, the first condition is to establish a balance of cash sales in financing.

Proposal

Proper financing is one of the most difficult and complex elements in the process of leather production units, which plays a very important role in setting up and developing leather production units. The various methods and approaches that exist in the field of financing, provide managers with numerous choices and decisions that can further complicate the process. Solving the essential problems of managers in the field of finance, requires knowledge and application of methods Financial engineering based on engineering assumptions, which is the practical application of mathematics or scientific principles in problem solving, uses tools that have a set of characteristics of risk and return and is widely referred to as technology. Provides finance to solve financial problems and take advantage of financial opportunities. The basis of financial engineering knowledge, financial economics or application of economics principles in stock market dynamics is specific to the design, pricing and risk management of financial contracts. With the development, complexity and diversity of business, the function of financial engineering has become very diverse. Financial sub-processes in business have become more complex and diverse. Business excellence and organizational excellence are the main goals of businesses in the field of business competition. Therefore, solving complex problems and predicting the future that will lead to organizational excellence, and this is in the group of solving complex financial problems, has been considered a necessity of the third millennium. Therefore, knowledge of financial engineering tools and the use of methods to evaluate the goods in question are considered business necessities and the globalization of the economy and markets.

Dr. Mohammad Dabaghi ​​Sadr

PhD in Strategic Management, Tabriz, Iran

Chairman of the Board of Sadra Leather Manufacturing

E-mail: mdsadr@yahoo.com

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